Jakob Lukas Schabelitz

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Jakob Lukas "Jacques" Schabelitz (born March 10, 1827 in Basel , † January 28, 1899 in Zurich ) was a Swiss publisher .

Live and act

Jakob Lukas Schabelitz was the only son of the printer and bookseller Jakob Christian Schabelitz in Basel. He joined the radical party, founded the National-Zeitung together with Karl Brenner in 1842 and later became a member of the Grand Council. Jakob Lukas attended grammar school in Basel, followed by training as a book printer at Sauerländer in Aarau. In 1845 he took part in the second free movement and in the winter semester of 1845/1846 he attended lectures in various subjects at Basel University.

From May 1845 to the beginning of November 1848 Schabelitz lived in London, worked in printing works and moved among political refugees from Germany. He wrote articles for the German London Newspaper and the German Brussels Newspaper , was a member of the League of Communists and the London Workers' Education Association. He met Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels , and Ferdinand Freiligrath became his friend. After returning home, he worked in his father's business in Basel, which he took over in 1852, and continued to work as a radical publicist.

After the Neue Rheinische Zeitung was discontinued, Schabelitz was in concrete negotiations with Engels and Karl Marx to reissue the newspaper. In 1852 he printed Marx's revelations about the Cologne Communist Trial in a print run of 2,000 copies, which however were confiscated upon delivery to Germany.

In 1854 Schabelitz moved to Zurich and opened a bookshop there. In 1856 he married Marie Hintermeister from Winterthur. While he gave up his journalistic activity and did not seek political office, he began to publish his own books and from 1867 at the latest to print them himself. His publishing magazine was varied and somewhat arbitrary in its program, but he remained true to his old convictions in that he accepted many writings that could not or were not allowed to appear elsewhere. His publishing house became one of the most famous places of publication for opposition Germans who were subject to censorship in their own country . Schabelitz also published primarily political writings, including those by Friedrich Engels and August Bebel . In the 1880s and 1890s, he also promoted the literature of naturalism and the avant-garde . Hermann Bahr , Arno Holz , Oskar Panizza , Bertha von Suttner and Frank Wedekind were among the best-known writers from his publishing house . Since a number of books published by Schabelitz were banned in Germany and many of the authors he sponsored switched to more renowned publishers as soon as they were successful, the courageous publisher had little economic success. After his death the publishing house went out.


  • Tibor Dénes: Apprenticeship and wandering years of a young Swiss (1845–1848). Jakob Lukas Schabelitz, Duke Karl II of Braunschweig and the Deutsche Londoner Zeitung. In: Swiss History Journal. Revue Suisse d'histoire. Revista storia svizzera. Basel 1966.
  • Inge Kießhauer: An obituary in the Börsenblatt for the German book trade from February 1899 for Jacob Lukas Schabelitz. In: Contributions to Marx-Engels Research , No. 26, Berlin 1989, pp. 260–263.
  • Conrad Ulrich: The bookseller and publisher Jakob Schabelitz 1827–1899. In: Joseph Jung (Ed.): Ulrico Hoepli . 1847-1935. Bookseller, publisher, antiquarian, patron. NZZ , Zurich 1997, ISBN 3-85823-689-6 , pp. 185–198.
  • Conrad Ulrich: The publisher Jakob Lukas Schabelitz 1827–1899 . Scholarly society in Zurich, New Year's sheet for the year 1999. Beer, Zurich 1999, ISBN 3-906262-11-1 .
  • Bert Andréas , Jacques Gandjonc and Hans Pelger (eds.): Association Démocratique, ayant pour but l'union et la fraternité de tous les peuples. An early international democratic association in Brussels 1847–1848. Edited by Helmut Elsner and Elisabeth Neu (= writings from the Karl-Marx-Haus , issue 44). Trier 2004, ISBN 3-86077-847-1 . Pp. 83, 216, 220, 234, 240, 255, 268, 271, 273, 277, 399-404, 422, 443, 612.

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Jakob Schneider: Jakob Lukas Schabelitz. Retrieved May 24, 2020 .