Jochen Schmidt (Germanist)

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Jochen Schmidt (2013)

Jochen Schmidt (born December 14, 1938 in Berlin ; † May 18, 2020 in Bad Salzschlirf ) was a German literary scholar and university professor . He wrote numerous studies on literature and the history of ideas of the classical-romantic epoch as well as on Nietzsche.


From 1957 to 1963, Jochen Schmidt studied German, Greek , Romance and history in Munich , Tübingen , Paris and Freiburg . Schmidt received his doctorate in 1965 in Tübingen under Friedrich Beißner on Hölderlin's elegy Brod and Wine . He completed his habilitation in 1973 in Tübingen through Heinrich von Kleist .

Jochen Schmidt was Professor of Modern German Literature at the University of Tübingen from 1978 to 1988 and from 1988 to his retirement in 2004 at the University of Freiburg. In 1997 Schmidt became a member of the Heidelberg Academy of Sciences .

He was best known for his two-volume history of the genius idea in German literature, philosophy and politics , as a Holderlin researcher and editor, Goethe and Kleist researcher and as a Nietzsche commentator.

From 2008 to 2014, Jochen Schmidt was head of research in the major project he initiated at the Heidelberg Academy of Sciences, Nietzsche Commentary .

For his research on the history of literature and ideas of the Classical-Romantic era, he was awarded the Golden Goethe Medal of the Goethe Society in Weimar in 2013 , with which he was a long-term board member.

Fonts (selection)

  • Hölderlin's elegy “Bread and Wine”. De Gruyter, Berlin 1968.
  • Hölderlin's last hymns "Andenken" and "Mnemosyne". Niemeyer, Tübingen 1970.
  • Heinrich von Kleist. Studies of his poetic practice. Niemeyer, Tübingen 1974.
  • Without properties. An explanation of Musil's basic concept. Niemeyer, Tübingen 1975.
  • Hölderlin's later retraction in the odes “Chiron”, “Stupidity” and “Ganymed”. Niemeyer, Tübingen 1978.
  • The history of the concept of genius in German literature, philosophy and politics 1750–1945. 2 volumes. Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft, Darmstadt 1985. 3rd edition: Winter, Heidelberg 2004.
  • (Ed.) Enlightenment and counter-enlightenment in European literature, philosophy and politics from antiquity to the present. Scientific Book Society, Darmstadt 1989.
  • Hölderlin's historical-philosophical hymns "Peace Celebration", "The Only One", "Patmos". Scientific Book Society, Darmstadt 1990.
  • (Ed.): Friedrich Hölderlin: Complete works and letters in three volumes. German classic publishing house, Frankfurt a. M. 1992-1994. (1500 p. Comment)
  • (Ed.): Friedrich Hölderlin: Complete poems. 4th edition. German classic publishing house, Frankfurt a. M. 2016. (660 p. Comment)
  • Goethe's "Faust". First and second part. Basics - work - effect. Beck, Munich 1999. 4th edition 2018.
  • Metamorphoses of Antiquity in Goethe's Work. Winter, Heidelberg 2002.
  • Heinrich von Kleist. The dramas and stories in their epoch. Scientific Book Society, Darmstadt 2003. 2nd edition 2008.
  • Goethe's age poem “Urworte. Orphic ". Borderline experience and delimitation. Winter, Heidelberg 2006.
  • with Barbara Neymeyr and Bernhard Zimmermann (eds.): Stoicism in European philosophy, literature, art and politics. A cultural history from antiquity to modern times. 2 volumes. De Gruyter, Berlin 2008.
  • with Ute Schmidt-Berger: Myth Dionysus. Texts from Homer to Thomas Mann. Reclam, Stuttgart 2008.
  • Commentary on Nietzsche's “The Birth of Tragedy”. De Gruyter, Berlin / Boston 2012.
  • Commentary on Nietzsche's “Morgenröthe”. De Gruyter, Berlin / Boston 2015.
  • The myth “will to power”. Nietzsche's complete works and the Nietzsche cult. A historical criticism. De Gruyter, Berlin / Boston 2016.

Biography literature

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Werner Frick: Meticulous philologist and historian of ideas. On the death of Germanist Jochen Schmidt, who studied in Freiburg and worked here as a university lecturer for 16 years. In: Badische Zeitung from May 23, 2020; accessed on May 26, 2020.
  2. ^ Obituary notice from the University of Freiburg . In: Badische Zeitung of May 26, 2020; accessed on May 26, 2020.
  3. Nietzsche Commentary [1]