Johann Friedrich Wilhelm Pustkuchen

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Johann Friedrich Wilhelm Pustkuchen
Bust of Johann Friedrich Wilhelm Pustkuchen in Wiebelskirchen

Johann Friedrich Wilhelm Pustkuchen ( pseudonym Glanzow ; * February 4, 1793 in Detmold ; † January 2, 1834 in Wiebelskirchen ) was a Protestant clergyman, fiction and educational writer .


After studying theology , philosophy and medicine at the University of Göttingen from 1811 to 1813 , he worked as private tutor in Pempelfort , Elberfeld and Leipzig .

In 1817 he received his doctorate from the University of Halle . In 1820 he took over the parish in Lieme near Lemgo, but had to give up his office in 1827 because of his liberal interpretation of the catechism. From 1827 to 1831 he worked as a freelance writer in Herford , and for the first two years he was also the editor of the newspapers "Westphalia" and "Levana". Among other things, he published a “Brief History of Pedagogy” in 1830. On the intercession of the Prussian King Friedrich Wilhelm III. In 1831 he came to the parish in Wiebelskirchen , where he died impoverished of dropsy in 1834 .


The committed clergyman was best known for its continuation of Goethe's novel " Wilhelm Meisters Lehrjahre ", the first volume of which for the spring fair in 1821 under the title "Wilhelm Meisters Wanderjahre" published by Gottfried Basse in Quedlinburg and Leipzig at the same time as Goethe's own continuation (" Wilhelm Meister's Wanderjahre or Die Abstagenden "1821) appeared. These publication circumstances triggered a literary scandal, which was largely fueled by the fact that the continuation of Goethe's novel was at the same time a morally and aesthetically justified criticism of Goethe. In the same year Pustkuchen published volume 2 of the "Wanderjahre", in 1822 volume 3 and the two accompanying publications "Wilhelm Meisters Diary" and "Thoughts of a Pious Countess" appeared. "Wilhelm Meister's Wanderjahre" continues, but is not completed, with a 4th (1827) and 5th (1828) volume, which, in contrast to the first parts, do not attract much public attention.

In the years 1821 to 1823 the works are more present in the sometimes very polemical literary discussion than Goethean continuation. The anonymous authorship of Pustkuch is revealed in the spring of 1822, but the other volumes appear anonymously. Contrary to contemporary rumors and often incorrect information in library catalogs, another sequel under the title "Wilhelm Meisters Meisterjahre" from 1824 does not come from Pustkuchen. Goethe reacted very cautiously and only in a few poems published a few years later to the provocation. The expression puff cake, which is still used today , does not go back to this context.

In contrast to "Wilhelm Meister's Wanderjahren", which in the history of Goethe's reception was perceived as the beginning of a critical opposition to Goethe in the 1820s, Pustkuchen's other poetic and learned work from the fields of theology, pedagogy and poetry is largely forgotten today, in part also lost.

Theological and educational works

  • The nature of human beings and their cognitive faculties as the foundation of education developed psychologically for parents, teachers and young people who train themselves . Reclam, Leipzig 1818. Digitized
  • The prehistory of mankind in its full extent . Meyer, Lemgo 1821. Digitized
  • The rights of the Christian religion through the constitution of Christian states . A polemic. Royal Deaf-Mute Inst., Schleswig 1822
  • Thoughts of a pious countess . Basse, Quedlinburg and Leipzig 1822. Digitized
  • Historical-critical investigation of biblical prehistory. Along with studies on the age, author and unity of the other parts of the Pentateuch . Grunert, Halle 1823. Digitized
  • Thomas Armenteros or the Auto da Fé . Basse, Quedlinburg 1825
  • The restoration of genuine Protestantism or through the union, the agende and the episcopal church constitution . Hoffmann & Campe, Hamburg 1827. Digitized
  • Mary or the piety of women. A character painting . Hoffmann & Campe, Hamburg 1827. Digitized
  • Fundamentals of Christianity . Hoffmann & Campe, Hamburg 1827. Digitized
  • Brief history of pedagogy or concise presentation of the emergence, nature, context and change of prevailing views on upbringing and education . Osterwald, Rintelen 1830
  • Faith and morals in true examples. A reading book for school and home . Falkenberg, Barmen and Schwelm 1831 (2 volumes)
  • Church, school and home . Büschler, Elberfeld 1832
  • The profession of the Protestant pastor according to its purpose and nature, according to the Word of God with special consideration for the views and conditions of our time, is presented . Schmechtenberg, Elberfeld 1836.

Poetic and narrative works

  • The poetry of youth . Reclam, Leipzig 1817. Digitized
  • The string of pearls . Basse, Quedlinburg and Leipzig 1820. Digitized
  • Narratives . Iserlohn 1832
  • Viola . Paperback for 1833. Becker, 1833


Web links

Commons : Johann Friedrich Wilhelm Pustkuchen  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Thomas Wolf:  Pustkuchen, Johann Friedrich Wilhelm ,. In: New German Biography (NDB). Volume 21, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 2003, ISBN 3-428-11202-4 , p. 15 f. ( Digitized version ).
  2. Heimatbuch Wiebelskirchen 1955, Wiebelskirch Stories Volume 1, 1982
  3. Linktext , newspaper for the elegant world, Vol. 24, No. 184 (September 18, 1824), Col. 1477f.
  4. Christoph Gutknecht baked goods? Puff cake! How a misunderstood Hebrew term became a German expression In: Jüdische Allgemeine, on March 22, 2012
  5. Mandelkow, Karl Robert (ed.): Goethe in the judgment of his critics. Documents on the history of Goethe's impact in Germany. Munich 1975, p. LXIIf.