Johann Peter Melchior

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Maximilian Joseph Graf von Montgelas , shortly after 1814, bisque porcelain , Porzellanmanufaktur Nymphenburg, Bavarian National Museum
JP Melchior: Portrait of a girl , around 1790 ( Bode Museum , Berlin)
Mainz Cathedral, grave monument cathedral provost Karl Emmerich Franz von Breidbach-Bürresheim

Johann Peter Melchior (born March 8, 1747 in Lintorf ; † June 13, 1825 in Nymphenburg near Munich) was a German sculptor and porcelain designer .

life and work

Melchior's parents were Peter Melchior († 1758) and Maria Kirschbaum († 1754). After the early death of his parents, he grew up with step parents. At the age of 16 he went to Düsseldorf to train to be a “picture carver” . Then Gebhard Boos (1730 / 31–1814), a sculptor from Aachen , trained him further. After stops in France (1762), in Cologne and Koblenz , he got a job at the Electoral Mainz porcelain manufactory. The first known artistic works were created in Mainz in 1765 for the Elector Emmerich Joseph .

From 1768 Melchior was a model master at the Höchst Porcelain Manufactory , and in 1770 was appointed court sculptor to the Electorate of Mainz. Melchior also made the acquaintance of Goethe , for whom he created a relief portrait in 1775 . From November 15, 1779 to 1793, Melchior was a master model in the Frankenthal porcelain factory , and from 1797 to November 22, 1822, master model in the Nymphenburg porcelain factory near Munich.

He married Maria Barbara Patz on November 27, 1770 in Mainz , with whom he had seven children. His last known descendants, August and Georg Wilhelm Melchior, died childless in Munich in 1935 and 1937, respectively. A marble monument of the cathedral provost Karl Emmerich Franz von Breidbach-Bürresheim († 1743) in the Mainz Cathedral comes from him . For Queen Karoline of Bavaria he created some groups in alabaster and the profile portraits of her parents. The busts of Napoleon, Goethe, an allegorical group on the birth of Prince Maximilian Joseph Friedrich von Baiern are from his hand. He published an essay on the visible and sublime in art, 1781 Mannheim.

The Melchiorstraße in Frankfurt-Höchst and Cologne as well as the Johann-Peter-Melchior-Straße and the municipal catholic elementary school in his birthplace Lintorf are named after Johann Peter Melchior . In Ratingen , a permanent exhibition is set to his life and work.


Web links

Commons : Johann Peter Melchior  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Entry in the Lintorfer baptismal register
  2. ^ Theo Volmert: A Bergisch parish 25 years ago . Published by the Catholic parish of St. Anna Ratingen-Lintorf in 1980
  3. ^ Jörn Göres: Goethe's relations with Düsseldorf artists . In: Gerhard Kurz (Hrsg.): Düsseldorf in the German intellectual history . Schwann, Düsseldorf 1984, p. 289 .
  4. Manfred Buer: Family tree and family history Johann Peter Melchior , p. 157. In: Die Quecke - Ratinger and Angerländer Heimatblätter , No. 77 (2007), pp. 149–157.
  5. PDF document on the grave monuments in Mainz Cathedral
  6. ^ Hermann Alexander Müller: General Artist Lexicon , Vol. 3, p. 166, Rütten & Loening, 1921.