José Calasanz

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Joseph of Calasanza with children

José Calasanz (* around 1556 in today's Peralta de Calasanz (formerly Peralta de la Sal), Spain, † August 25, 1648 in Rome ), also Joseph von Calasanza , was a Spanish saint and founder of the Piarist Order .


Monument in Vienna-Wieden
Francisco de Goya : The last communion of St. Joseph of Calasanza

The early death of his mother and brother shaped his calling. Calasanz studied philosophy and theology and was ordained a priest in 1583. In 1592 he moved to Rome and devoted himself to nursing the sick during the plague epidemic of 1595. In 1597 he opened a school for impoverished and orphaned children in the rooms of the monastery belonging to Santa Dorotea , 1,000 of them were being taught as early as 1611. 1617 followed the papal recognition of the so-called piarists ( school brothers ), in 1621 the elevation to the order. José Calasanz became the first general of the order.

José Calasanz was beatified by Pope Benedict XIV on August 18, 1748 , and on July 16, 1767 he was canonized by Pope Clement XIII. In 1948 he was declared patron of Catholic elementary schools. His feast day in the liturgy is August 25th .

The order of the Kalasantines , which was founded by the worker priest Anton Maria Schwartz in Vienna in 1889 , is named after José Calasanz .


Web links

Commons : José Calasanz  - Collection of images, videos and audio files