Josep Maria Jujol
Josep Maria Jujol i Gibert (born September 16, 1879 in Tarragona , † May 1, 1949 in Barcelona ) was a Catalan architect and representative of Modernisme (the Catalan Art Nouveau ). Many of his works were created in collaboration with Antoni Gaudí .
Jujol spent his early childhood in Tarragona, where his father was headmaster. In 1883 he went with his family to Gràcia , which later became a district of Barcelona. From 1896 he studied at the Escola Tècnica Superior d'Arquitectura architecture school in Barcelona, whose director was Lluís Domènech i Montaner . In 1906 he completed his studies as an architect with a project on thermal baths .
Since 1904 he has worked with Gaudí, including the construction of the Park Guell and La Pedrera and the Casa Batllo . The collaboration only ended when Gaudí died in 1926. From 1909 he was a lecturer at his former university , from 1923 also at the Escuela Técnica de Oficios Artísticos. Because of his deep religious beliefs, he was removed from office during the Spanish Civil War , but reinstated afterwards.
In 1927 he married his cousin Teresa Gibert Mosella. He died on May 1, 1949 at around 9 p.m. in Barcelona.
Known for its photographic memory, Jujol was often entrusted with renovations , especially when the original plans no longer existed. He was also distinguished by his ability to work with unusual materials, some of which were considered waste, for example bottles, glasses, dolls' heads and fragments from the ceramics industry. He was not only active as an architect, but also as a draftsman , sculptor and designer .
- Selection of works
- in Barcelona
- Casa Batlló (together with Antoni Gaudí ) (1906)
- Casa Milà ( la Pedrera ) (together with Antoni Gaudí) (1908)
- Torre Sansalvador (1909-1915)
- Casa Mañach (1911)
- Park Güell (together with Antoni Gaudí) (1911–1913)
- Elevator in the Casa Farreras (today Casa Iglesias, subsequent elevator installation in a house by Antoni Millàs i Figuerola ) (1913)
- Tallers Mañach (factory building, now a school) (1916)
- Casa Planells (1923-1926)
- outside of Barcelona
- Patronage of the Obrer Theater, Tarragona , 1908
- Torre de la Creu, Sant Joan Despí , Province of Barcelona (1913–1916)
- Casa Ximenis, Tarragona (1914)
- Casa Bofarull, Els Pallaresos, Province of Tarragona (1914–1931)
- Can Negre, Sant Joan Despí (1915–1926)
- Church of Vistabella , La Secuita, Province of Tarragona (1918–1924)
- Torre Serra-Xaus, Sant Joan Despí (1921–1927)
- Montserrat Church, Montferri , Tarragona Province (1926–1999)
- Torre Jujol, Sant Joan Despí (1932)
- ↑ See Josep M. Jujol . Vincent Ligtelijn, Rein Saariste. 010 Publishers, Rotterdam: 1996, p. 13
- ↑ See Ligtelijn / Saariste p. 175
- ↑ See Ligtelijn / Saariste p. 15
|SURNAME||Jujol, Josep Maria|
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Jujol i Gibert, Josep Maria (full name)|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||Spanish architect of the Catalan Art Nouveau|
|DATE OF BIRTH||September 16, 1879|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Tarragona|
|DATE OF DEATH||May 1, 1949|
|Place of death||Barcelona|