|Place:||Eixample , Barcelona , Spain|
|Construction time:||1906 - 1912|
|Architect :||Antoni Gaudí|
|Architectural style :||Modernism|
|Owner :||Fundació Catalunya-La Pedrera|
|Height:||26 m to the roof edge,
attic and chimney
another 11 m
|Width:||84 m (the longest facade
on Carrer Provença measures
43.35 m, the other two
facades each approx. 20 m)
|Building material:||Ashlar , iron|
The Milà house , the German translation of Casa Milà , was built by the architect Antoni Gaudí from 1906 to 1912 for the Milà family in Barcelona . It is located in Passeig de Gràcia No. 92, at the intersection with Carrer de Provença.
Gaudí pioneered this building . Its well thought-out natural ventilation made air-conditioning systems superfluous, the walls in each apartment can be changed individually, and there was also an underground car park . Elevators, which were already included in Gaudí's design, were not installed until much later. The building is a concrete - iron construction with load-bearing columns without load-bearing walls or retaining walls. The wrought-iron balcony grilles are improvised unique pieces by Josep Maria Jujol , who also worked with Gaudí on other projects.
The three inner courtyards, one round, two elliptical, are design features that the architect used time and again to provide the rooms with sufficient light and fresh air . Almost all rooms have windows with daylight, which was very unusual for the time. All stately rooms face the street or the inner courtyard of the street carriages, the servants' rooms and household rooms face the two inner courtyards.
At first people in Barcelona did not think too much of the house, but it quickly became known under the nickname “La Pedrera” (“The Quarry”). It owes this name to its irregular facade with the many protrusions and its massive mass, which is already visible from afar.
The building was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1984 as the first building of the 20th century . Since 2013 it has belonged to the Fundació Catalunya-La Pedrera, a foundation of the financial institute Catalunya Caixa, which, among other things, uses the former, approx. 1000 m² apartment on the first floor for art exhibitions. In addition, an apartment on the sixth floor of the building is furnished with furnishings from the 1920s and can be visited, as can the attic, which houses an exhibition on Gaudí's works, and the roof terrace with its interesting ventilation shafts and stairwells with water tanks. There are offices on the other floors, some of which are still inhabited by members of long-established Catalan families.
- Joan Bergós i Massó / Joan Bassegoda i Nonell / Maria A. Crippa: Gaudí. The man and the work . Hatje Cantz Verlag, Ostfildern 2000, ISBN 3-7757-0950-9
- Xavier Güell: Antoni Gaudí . Verlag für Architektur Artemis, Zurich 1987, ISBN 3-7608-8121-1