Joseph Schröter

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Joseph Schröter (born March 14, 1837 in Patschkau ( Upper Silesia ), † December 12, 1894 in Breslau ) was one of the first German mycologists and also a bacteriologist , physician and scientist .

Joseph Schröter wrote several books and texts. Many plants and especially mushroom discoveries and descriptions go back to him.


Joseph Schröter grew up in Patschkau (Upper Silesia), where he also went to school. His father was the local pharmacist. From 1855 he studied medicine at the University of Breslau . In 1856 he moved to the Kaiser Wilhelms Academy for military medical education in Berlin. There he became a member of the Normannia country team . In December 1859 he was with the work De paralysi cerebri progressiva Dr. med. doctorate and in the same year he took up his active service as a military doctor in the Prussian army. After his transfer to Breslau, Schröter became one of the first scientific employees at the Plant Physiological Institute of the University of Breslau in 1866 - under Ferdinand Cohn . After his renewed transfer to Wroclaw, he received his habilitation in the subjects of bacteriology and mycology at the University of Wroclaw in 1886 and, in addition to his military medical activities, also worked as a lecturer. In 1890 he was then appointed professor at the University of Wroclaw.

He died in 1894 of the effects of malaria after returning from an expedition to Turkey .

Military career

1859: Entry into the Prussian Army, from 1860: Assistant doctor in the 8th Rhenish Infantry Regiment No. 70 in Saarlouis, later in the Rhenish Artillery Brigade in Jülich, later in the 2nd Rhenish Infantry Regiment No. 28 in Aachen, 1865: Promotion to the medical officer , battalion doctor in the 3rd Guard Grenadier Regiment Queen Elisabeth in Breslau, 1866: Participation in the war against Austria , 1870: Participation in the Franco-German War , 1871: Relocation of his unit to Spandau , promotion to Chief Medical Officer II. Class, 1872: regimental doctor in the 1st Upper Silesian Infantry Regiment No. 22 in Rastatt, 1874: regimental doctor in the 6th Silesian Field Artillery Regiment in Breslau, 1883: senior staff doctor 1st class, 1892: farewell to the army



  • numerous articles in Ferdinand Cohn's contributions to the biology of plants , u. a. The plant parasites of the genus Synchytrium , via the stem rot of the pandanae , via some pigments formed by bacteria
  • Articles in the annual reports of the Silesian Society for Patriotic Culture , etc. a. Development history of the Ustilagineae (1882), pit mushrooms (1883), cellar mushrooms ( 1884), development history of the Uredineae (1893)
  • The natural plant families (entire class of fungi), Engler and Prant, 1897.

Mushrooms described by him

In the course of his life, J. Schröter u. a. the following genera and species:



  • Heinrich Dörfelt & Heike Heklau: The History of Mycology 1998.


Individual evidence

  1. ^ Paul Goldschmidt: On the history of the Landsmannschaft Normannia in Berlin 1842–1902 , Berlin, 1902.
  2. H. Kionka: Joseph Schröter (obituary), Breslau, 1895 (PDF; 356 kB)