Kıbrıslı Mehmed Emin Pasha

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Portrait of the Pasha

Kıbrıslı Mehmed Emin Pascha (dt. Mehmed Emin Pascha, the Cypriot ; * 1813 in Cyprus , † 1871 in Constantinople ) was an Ottoman official and statesman. He was the Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire three times under Sultan Abdülmecid I. Mehmed Emin Pasha advocated the Tanzimat reforms of the Ottoman Empire and campaigned for a constitutional monarchy. However, he died before the first Ottoman constitution came into force in 1876 .


Summer residence of Mehmed Emin Pasha on the Bosporus, acquired and expanded in 1840

Mehmed Emin Pasha's uncle was Kethüda of Mahmud II and administered his private fortune. The uncle had the nephew trained at an enderun and arranged for him to be accepted at the Sultan's court. In 1828/29 he left the Hohe Pforte and joined the Hassa regiment, where he began his career as an officer. He then studied in Europe at the sultan's expense. Like many other Ottoman statesmen of the Tanzimat period, he began his government career in the Dragoman office ( Tercume Odası in Turkish ), took over government offices in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and held several diplomatic and governor posts.

In 1844/45 he served as a serasker in Acre and from 1845 to 1847 as governor of Jerusalem . He was involved in the suppression of the Bedouin revolt in Tirnova and then served in Belgrade in 1847/48 . During this time, rumors of his mismanagement circulated, but these were dismissed as gossip by the Sultan. In 1848 he was promoted to vizier .

In the years 1850/51 Mehmed Emin was governor of Eyâlet Aleppo and was promoted to Müşir ( field marshal ) of the province of Syria. In 1854 he also served as Kapudan Pasha .

From May 29 to November 23, 1854, Mehmed Emin Pasha was first Grand Vizier, then between November 18, 1859 and December 24, 1859, and finally between May 28, 1860 and August 6, 1861. He was the last Grand Vizier under Abdülmecid. After the death of Abdülmecid I on June 25, 1861, his brother Abdülaziz succeeded him to the throne and shortly afterwards dismissed the Grand Vizier.

In September of the same year Mehmed Emin Pasha became governor of Edirne and remained in office until his dismissal in April 1864. He then became a member of the Council of State ( Mecalis-i Devlet-i Aliye ) in 1865 and was chairman of the Supreme Court ( Meclis-i Vâlâ-yı Ahkâm-ı Adliye ) from 1866 .

Mehmed Emin Pasha died in 1871 in his summer villa ( Yalı ) on the Bosphorus in Istanbul's Üsküdar district .

After the death of the pasha, his wife Melek Hanım wrote her memoirs from the harem and provided not only a biography of the pasha, but also a moral picture of upper class Ottoman society in the 19th century.


Individual evidence

  1. a b c d Mehmed Süreyya: Sicill-i Osmani . Volume IV, Tarih Vakfı Yurt Yayınları, Istanbul 1996, ISBN 975-333-0383 p. 441
  2. a b c Yayın Kurulu: Mehmed Emin Paşa (Kıbrıslı) . In: Yaşamları ve Yapıtlarıyla Osmanlılar Ansiklopedisi . Volume 2, Yapı Kredi Kültür Sanat Yayıncılık A.Ş. Istanbul 1999, ISBN 975-08-0072-9 , p. 136
  3. Stanford J.Shaw: History of the Ottoman Empire and Modern Turkey . Volume 2, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge 1977, p. 70
predecessor Office successor
Mustafa Naili Pasha Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire
May 30, 1854 - November 24, 1854
Mustafa Resid Pasha
Mehmed Emin Ali Pasha Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire
October 8, 1859 - December 24, 1859
Mütercim Mehmed Rüşdi Pascha
Mütercim Mehmed Rüşdi Pascha Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire
May 24, 1860 - August 6, 1861
Mehmed Emin Ali Pasha