Karl Herrmann (historian)

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Karl Herrmann (born September 24, 1797 in Erfurt ; † October 24, 1874 ) was a German businessman , historian and geographer .


Herrmann came from a bourgeois family that had moved from Altenburg to Erfurt . He lost his parents early (1812/13), who ran a materials store in Erfurt. In 1814 he moved to Nuremberg as a volunteer , where he met the son of the court councilor Zacharias Becker from Gotha . In 1821 he took over his parents' business in Erfurt and the stately fortune of over 17,000 thalers .

Since his professional life as a businessman did not fill him, Herrmann became politically active. He was elected to the city council of Erfurt and in 1847 became a member of the Prussian United State Parliament in Berlin . As a city council, he was particularly committed to the railway connection from Erfurt and promoted the establishment of the city archive. He used the archive material to write several historical and geographical publications about Erfurt. He is also considered the founder of the Erfurt History and Archeology Association in 1863.

The Herrmannsbrunnen by Georg Kugel , which was inaugurated on Erfurt's Rossmarkt in 1875, is dedicated to the memory of Herrmann . From now on this was called Herrmannsplatz.


  • Albert Schumann:  Herrmann, Karl . In: Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB). Volume 12, Duncker & Humblot, Leipzig 1880, pp. 218-220.
  • Alfred Overmann : Karl Herrmann , in: Mitteldeutsche Lebensbilder, 1st volume Lebensbilder des 19. Jahrhundert, Magdeburg 1926, pp. 163–173
  • Steffen Raßloff : True friend of his hometown. The Herrmannsdenkmal , in Thuringian General of November 12, 2011.
  • Clemens Peterseim : Karl Herrmann and the beginning of civic engagement in the Erfurt monument preservation , in: Stadt und Geschichte. Journal for Erfurt, No. 48, 02/11 (July 2011), pp. 8-10.

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