Cathedral of St. Peter and Paul (Brno)

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St. Peter and Paul Cathedral

The St. Peter and Paul Cathedral ( Katedrála sv. Petra a Pavla in Czech ) is the cathedral church of the Brno diocese in the Moravian city ​​of Brno . It is located on Petrov Hill in the city center, and its silhouette, together with the Špilberk fortress, dominates the cityscape.


The first church consecrated to the Apostle Peter on this site was built in the Romanesque style by Margrave Konrad Otto as early as 1180 . The crypt of this building is still preserved. In 1296 St. Peter became the seat of the collegiate monastery of Brno. In the 14th century, during the rule of the Luxembourgers , the church was converted into a three-aisled Gothic basilica . Around 1500 the patronage of the church was extended to the apostle Paul and it was converted into a hall church .

During the Thirty Years War , the city of Brno was besieged by the Swedes in 1643 and 1645, without success . The church was badly damaged by cannon fire and burned down. The towers collapsed. Between 1651 and 1652 the church was initially only makeshift, then extensively renovated in 1743–1746 according to plans by the architect Moritz Grimm .

View from 1874

In 1777 St. Peter and Paul became the episcopal church of Pope Pius VI. newly founded second Moravian diocese of Brno . For this occasion, the interior of the church was redesigned in the baroque style. The monumental pulpit, among other things, dates from this period.

Between 1889 and 1891 the church was expanded to include a neo-Gothic presbytery and a new eleven-meter high altar was added. The stained glass windows with scenes from the life of the church patrons Peter and Paul also date from this period. The towers characteristic of today were only built in 1901–1909 by the Viennese architect August Kirstein . Kirstein had prevailed with his design against 41 competitors.

Noon bells

The midday bells in the cathedral do not start at 12 p.m., but an hour earlier at 11 a.m. According to legend, the Swedes had promised to break off the siege of the city on August 15th at noon. When the battle was underway, the clever Brno decided to ring the bell at 11 o'clock, and so the Swedes left without having achieved anything.



  • Jiří Bílek: The Brno Churches , 2000, pp. 9–18
  • Karel Kuča: Brno. Development of the city and associated suburbs and villages . Basset, Prague 2000, ISBN 978-80-86223-11-7
  • Bohumil Samek: Works of art of Moravia and Silesia . Academia, Prague 1994, p. 651, ISBN 80-200-0474-2

Web links

Commons : Cathedral of St. Peter and Paul (Brno)  - Collection of pictures, videos and audio files

Coordinates: 49 ° 11 ′ 27.7 "  N , 16 ° 36 ′ 26.6"  E