|Residents :||431,282 (2014)|
|Area :||119 km²|
|Population density :||3,624 inhabitants per km²|
Kenitra ( Arabic القنيطرة, DMG al-Qunaiṭira , for "small bridge"; Central Atlas Tamazight ⵇⵏⵉⵟⵔⴰ Qeniṭra , French Kénitra ) is a city with about 500,000 inhabitants in the province of the same name Kenitra in the Rabat-Salé-Kénitra region in northwestern Morocco .
Location and climate
The city of Kenitra is located in the area where the Oued Sebou flows into the Atlantic at a height of approx. 10 to . Approx. 10 km (driving distance) west of Kenitra is the place Mehdiya, where the Carthaginian trading post Thymiaterion is assumed. From there it is another 4 km to the Mehdiya Plage lido . The climate influenced by the Atlantic is temperate to warm; Rain (approx. 570 mm / year) falls almost exclusively in the winter half-year.
A large part of today's population is of Berber descent and has immigrated from the mountain and desert regions of Morocco since the 1960s.
Until the early 20th century, today's city was little more than a farming village. Urban development did not begin until the French colonial era, and this was to intensify after the independence of Morocco (1956).
The coastal strip from Kenitra via Salé and Rabat to Casablanca is densely populated and the most industrialized region in the country. The cities are connected to one another by the A1 motorway and an express train line.
After Operation Torch , the US Navy took over the French military base. For Magnetic Anomaly Detection for submarine tracking in the Gibraltar area, impact airships were used towards the end of the Second World War . During the transfer of the airships, Blimps crossed the Atlantic for the first time in 1944 and anchored in Port Lyautey. On the military airfield early trained 1970 700 United States Air Force military advisers Moroccans on the Northrop F-5 .
Until 1912 there was only one kasbah at the place where the city is today . During the French Protectorate of Morocco, French Marshal Hubert Lyautey founded a military fort, port and city on the banks of the Sebou. After a small bridge near the Kasbah that was destroyed in 1928, the city was called "Knitra" until 1932. In the Second World War in 1942, American troops arrived in the city in October. For almost 24 years, until independence from Morocco, the city was then called “Port-Lyautey” and was only renamed “Kenitra” in March 1956 on the basis of its original name.
- Kenitra - climate diagrams
- Kenitra - population development
- warwingsart.com ( Memento of the original dated November 13, 2009 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Peter WB Semmens: Catastrophes on rails. A worldwide documentation. Transpress, Stuttgart 1996, ISBN 3-344-71030-3 , p. 182.