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Kenitra coat of arms
Kenitra (Morocco)
Basic data
State : MoroccoMorocco Morocco
Region : Rabat-Salé-Kénitra
Province : Kénitra
Coordinates 34 ° 16 ′  N , 6 ° 34 ′  W Coordinates: 34 ° 16 ′  N , 6 ° 34 ′  W
Residents : 431,282 (2014)
Area : 119 km²
Population density : 3,624 inhabitants per km²
Height : 26  m
Kenitra - Embankment road (corniche) at Oued Sebou
Kenitra - Embankment road (corniche) at Oued Sebou
Kenitra - Avenue Mohamed V
Kenitra - city center

Kenitra ( Arabic القنيطرة, DMG al-Qunaiṭira , for "small bridge"; Central Atlas Tamazight ⵇⵏⵉⵟⵔⴰ Qeniṭra , French Kénitra ) is a city with about 500,000 inhabitants in the province of the same name Kenitra in the Rabat-Salé-Kénitra region in northwestern Morocco .

Location and climate

The city of Kenitra is located in the area where the Oued Sebou flows into the Atlantic at a height of approx. 10 to 25  m . Approx. 10 km (driving distance) west of Kenitra is the place Mehdiya, where the Carthaginian trading post Thymiaterion is assumed. From there it is another 4 km to the Mehdiya Plage lido . The climate influenced by the Atlantic is temperate to warm; Rain (approx. 570 mm / year) falls almost exclusively in the winter half-year.


year 1971 1982 1994 2004 2014
Residents 139.206 188.194 292,453 359.142 431.282

A large part of today's population is of Berber descent and has immigrated from the mountain and desert regions of Morocco since the 1960s.


Until the early 20th century, today's city was little more than a farming village. Urban development did not begin until the French colonial era, and this was to intensify after the independence of Morocco (1956).


The coastal strip from Kenitra via Salé and Rabat to Casablanca is densely populated and the most industrialized region in the country. The cities are connected to one another by the A1 motorway and an express train line.

Aéroport Kénitra

After Operation Torch , the US Navy took over the French military base. For Magnetic Anomaly Detection for submarine tracking in the Gibraltar area, impact airships were used towards the end of the Second World War . During the transfer of the airships, Blimps crossed the Atlantic for the first time in 1944 and anchored in Port Lyautey. On the military airfield early trained 1970 700 United States Air Force military advisers Moroccans on the Northrop F-5 .


Until 1912 there was only one kasbah at the place where the city is today . During the French Protectorate of Morocco, French Marshal Hubert Lyautey founded a military fort, port and city on the banks of the Sebou. After a small bridge near the Kasbah that was destroyed in 1928, the city was called "Knitra" until 1932. In the Second World War in 1942, American troops arrived in the city in October. For almost 24 years, until independence from Morocco, the city was then called “Port-Lyautey” and was only renamed “Kenitra” in March 1956 on the basis of its original name.

As of January 1981, 15 USMC military advisers were stationed in Kenitra for the war against the Polisario Front. From February 1981, the base was equipped with six Rockwell OV-10s .


On May 22, 1975, a serious railway accident occurred near Kenitra : a train derailed . At least 34 people died.

Web links

Commons : Kenitra  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Kenitra - climate diagrams
  2. Kenitra - population development
  3. ( Memento of the original dated November 13, 2009 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  4. ^ Peter WB Semmens: Catastrophes on rails. A worldwide documentation. Transpress, Stuttgart 1996, ISBN 3-344-71030-3 , p. 182.