Kostroma nuclear power plant

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Kostroma nuclear power plant
Kostroma nuclear power plant (Russia)
Kostroma nuclear power plant
Coordinates 58 ° 22 '29 "  N , 41 ° 35' 32"  E Coordinates: 58 ° 22 '29 "  N , 41 ° 35' 32"  E
Country: RussiaRussia Russia
Owner: Rose energoatom
Operator: Rose energoatom
Project start: 1980

Construction discontinued (gross):

2 (3000 MW)

Planning set (gross):

4 (2520 MW)
Was standing: May 8, 2008
The data source of the respective entries can be found in the documentation .

The Kostroma nuclear power plant ( Russian Костромска́я АЭС / Kostromskaja AES [ listen ? / I ]) was a planned nuclear power plant 75 kilometers northeast of Kostroma . The construction was stopped in 1990 due to protests from local residents. Audio file / audio sample

History in the Soviet Union

A feasibility study was carried out as early as 1978, the results of which on April 15, 1980 led to the construction of the building. A corresponding commission was set up. This planned the construction of two blocks of the type RBMK-1500 , each of which should have an output of 1500  megawatts . After a short planning phase, construction began on June 11, 1980. The site was ten kilometers south of the city of Bui and one kilometer west of the Chistyje Bory workers' settlement.

The power plant in Kostroma should get some special safety equipment, such as the basic construction of the RBMK with extended safety technology, a special water reserve tank and a wastewater treatment system. An artificially created lake was planned to cool the power plant (similar to that in Chernobyl and Kursk ). The connection to the power grid was planned via the substations Borok (transformation to 220 kV, 110 kV, 10 kV), Sapadny (transformation to 110 kV, 10 kV) and Popowka (transformation to 110 kV, 6 kV). The town of Chistyje Bory , similar to the town of Prypiat near Chornobyl , was to be expanded into a town for a further 7,000 people.

As a result of the Chernobyl disaster on April 26, 1986, the project to build the two RBMKs was stopped for safety reasons. In the meantime, more money has flowed into the project to ensure that the building can continue. On June 15, 1990, the power plant was finally shut down. The members of the Council of People's Deputies of Kostroma Oblast voted 100-2 against the resumption of the project. Ultimately, a vote in the Oblast Duma was approved. As a result, the financing was finally stopped in 1992.

History after the collapse of the Soviet Union

After the collapse of the Soviet Union , it was decided on December 12, 1992 to resume the Kostroma nuclear power plant project. On April 21, 1993, the Minister for Atomic Energy V. Mikhailov commissioned a feasibility study. On July 19, 1994, the Kostroma Oblast government decided to build four WPBER-600 ( VVER -640/407) reactors. On December 8, 1996, consideration was given to resuming construction of the RBMK. The residents of Kostroma Oblast protested against this with the support of Greenpeace .

On an initiative by Greenpeace, the citizens of Kostroma Oblast voted against nuclear energy in our beautiful, environmentally friendly and clean Kostroma! carried out. The result of the vote was as follows:

  • 58.12% of the citizens took part
  • 10.46% voted to continue building
  • 87.44% voted against the construction

The result of the referendum was the suspension of planning. As a result, however, many residents saw their chances of finding work lost. A group of engineers who had hoped for a job at the nuclear power plant and had moved to Kostroma for this purpose, sued the Supreme Court . It was unconstitutional to hold such a referendum. The court dismissed the lawsuit.

On July 20, 2000, the final decision was passed not to build the planned Kostroma nuclear power plant with the WPBER-600. On March 1st, 2007 it was decided to relocate the capacities to other regions of Russia. This resulted in the 2007–2015 project , which includes building two new reactors annually from 2007 and commissioning two reactors annually from 2012. This project aims to replace and shut down the old RBMK type reactors and the remaining VVER-440 in Russia. Rosatom plans to build a total of 27 new reactors. Nevertheless, the best conditions for building a nuclear power plant in Kostroma Oblast still exist. In 2007 Rosatom withdrew its veto on a building in Kostroma. The location is to be retained as replacement capacity.

Data of the reactor blocks

Reactor block Reactor type net
Beginning of project planning start of building Project
Kostroma-1 RBMK-1500 1,380 MW 1,500 MW 04/15/1980 06/11/1980 1990
Kostroma-2 RBMK-1500 1,380 MW 1,500 MW 04/15/1980 06/11/1980 1990
Kostroma-1 WPBER-600 600 MW 630 MW 07/19/1994 - 07/20/2000
Kostroma-2 WPBER-600 600 MW 630 MW 07/19/1994 - 07/20/2000
Kostroma-3 WPBER-600 600 MW 630 MW 07/19/1994 - 07/20/2000
Kostroma-4 WPBER-600 600 MW 630 MW 07/19/1994 - 07/20/2000

Individual evidence

  1. a b c d e Information about the Kostroma nuclear power plant ( Memento of the original from September 27, 2007 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. (English) @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot / www.rosenergoatom.ru
  2. Information about the IAEA power plant (English)
  3. a b c d http://www.world-nuclear.org/ (English)

See also

Web links