Zaporizhia nuclear power plant
|Zaporizhia nuclear power plant|
(the smoke from the chimney comes from the Zaporozhye thermal power plant )
|Owner:||National Nuclear Energy Generating Company Energoatom|
|Operator:||National Nuclear Energy Generating Company Energoatom|
|Commercial operation:||Dec 25, 1985|
Active reactors (gross):
|6 (6000 MW)|
|Energy fed in in 2010:||39,061.1 GWh|
|Energy fed in since commissioning:||753,403 GWh|
|Was standing:||June 6, 2011|
|The data source of the respective entries can be found in the documentation .|
The Zaporizhia Nuclear Power Plant ( Ukrainian Запорізька атомна електростанція , Russian Запорожская атомная электростанция ) is right on the river Dnepr near the city Enerhodar in the southeast of Ukraine and is the most powerful nuclear power plant in Europe. It is about 50 kilometers from the major city of Zaporizhia . The Zaporizhia conventional thermal power station is right next to the nuclear power station .
The nuclear power plant has a total of six units of the Soviet type VVER-1000/320 . These have an electrical output of 1,000 megawatts each and a thermal output of 3,200 megawatts each. The total thermal output of the plant of almost 20 gigawatts requires enormous amounts of cooling water, which is taken from the Dnepr river, which has been specially widened at this point. The light water reactors have a total electrical output of 6,000 megawatts gross (5,700 MW net) and thus together form the most powerful nuclear power plant in Europe.
The nuclear power plant supplies almost the entire south of Ukraine and is essential for the energy supply of Ukraine due to the elimination of all four blocks of the Chernobyl nuclear power plant .
Construction of the first reactor began in 1980. With the commissioning of the first reactor block on December 10, 1984, the first reactor of the Russian standard series VVER-1000 /320 was put into operation. In 1981, 1982 and 1983 construction began on blocks two to four. These went into operation after a construction period of around four years and eight months. Block 5 was built from 1985 to 1989. Construction of the sixth block began on June 1, 1986. It finally went into operation on October 19, 1995 after a construction period of more than nine years.
Incidents were repeatedly reported from the nuclear power plant. In April 1993, some parts of the plant were heavily radioactively contaminated by water that had escaped from a primary circuit . From 1994 to 1997 only two million dollars were invested due to financial constraints.
The research center Dresden-Rossendorf worked on improving the safety standards of the monitoring systems of the power plants in Ukraine. In 1992 the research center began its first investigations to improve safety. In 1995 the first monitoring system in the 5th block went into trial operation. Today all six reactors are equipped with it.
On November 28, 2014, there was a short circuit in the transformer station, i.e. outside the reactor area, whereupon Unit 3 was temporarily shut down and there was a power shortage in the region. The IAEA rated the shutdown as level 0 on the international assessment scale for nuclear incidents ("incident with little or no safety relevance"). Despite this assessment, this disorder attracted a certain amount of media attention due to its proximity to the Ukrainian trouble spot and the fact that Аварія (Avarija), the Ukrainian word for disorder, can also be translated as accident .
As a result of the demolition of several high-voltage pylons in Kherson Oblast on November 21, 2015, there was a load shedding of 500 MW, which was classified as very dangerous by the state operating company Ukrenergo .
Data of the reactor blocks
The Zaporizhia nuclear power plant has six blocks :
|Reactor block||Reactor type||net
|start of building||Network
of essential operation
|Zaporizhia-1||VVER-1000/320||950 MW||1,000 MW||April 1, 1980||December 10, 1984||December 25, 1985||2025|
|Zaporizhia-2||VVER-1000/320||950 MW||1,000 MW||January 1, 1981||July 22, 1985||February 15, 1986||2026|
|Zaporizhia-3||VVER-1000/320||950 MW||1,000 MW||April 1, 1982||December 10, 1986||March 5th 1987||(Planned for 2017) [obsolete]|
|Zaporizhia-4||VVER-1000/320||950 MW||1,000 MW||April 1, 1983||18th December 1987||April 14, 1988||(Planned for 2018) [obsolete]|
|Zaporizhia-5||VVER-1000/320||950 MW||1,000 MW||November 1, 1985||August 14, 1989||October 27, 1989||(Planned for 2019) [obsolete]|
|Zaporizhia-6||VVER-1000/320||950 MW||1,000 MW||June 1, 1986||October 19, 1995||September 16, 1996||(Planned for 2026)|
- APA : Zaporizhia: Third reactor starts up again. DiePresse.com , December 6, 2014, accessed December 8, 2014 .
- Incident in a nuclear power plant. Retrieved December 4, 2014 .
- Ukraine energy minister says 'no threat' from accident at nuclear plant. Reuters, December 3, 2014, accessed December 4, 2014 .
- IAEA Informed by Ukraine That a Nuclear Power Reactor Remains Safely Shut Down Following Short Circuit . International Atomic Energy Agency. Retrieved December 8, 2014.
- MDR aktuell : The report of the nuclear accident. (No longer available online.) Mitteldeutscher Rundfunk , December 3, 2014, archived from the original on December 9, 2014 ; Retrieved December 8, 2014 . Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- "Blackout" on the Crimean peninsula ( memento of the original from December 25, 2015 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. on mdr
- Dangerous game with electricity on taz
- Ukraine nuclear power plants 'dangerously' without power as towers feeding energy to Crimea blown up on rt.com
- Power Reactor Information System of the IAEA : "Ukraine: Nuclear Power Reactors" (English)
- Lifetime extension of SE ZNPP power units . Retrieved October 13, 2017.
- Review of Existing and Future Requirements for Decommissioning Nuclear Facilities in the CIS (A report produced for The European Commission, Directorate General XI, January 1999) . Archived from the original on December 15, 2014. Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. Retrieved December 8, 2014.