|Oseira Cistercian Abbey|
Santa María la Real de Oseira Abbey
|Lies in the diocese||Orense|
according to Janauschek
|Year of dissolution /
|Year of repopulation||1929 ( Trappist )|
|Mother monastery||Clairvaux Monastery|
|Primary Abbey||Clairvaux Monastery|
Monastery Oseira ( Monasterio de Santa María a Real de Oseira . Span Santa Maria la Real de Osera ; lat. Abbatia BM de Ursaria ) is a Cistercian - Abbey of Trappist about 35 km north-west of Ourense (Orense) in the municipality of San Cristovo de Cea in Spain's autonomous region of Galicia .
The monastery, founded in 1137 by the monks García, Diego, Juan and Pedro on land made available for hermits by Alfonso VII of León and Castile in 1131 is considered a direct subsidiary of the Clairvaux monastery (although it is also believed that it was the Filiation of the Cîteaux Monastery ). It joined the Cistercian Order in 1141. In 1144, Saint Wardo (Famiano), who was born in Cologne, entered the monastery. With the help of the abbot Don Fernando Yáñez, the Alcobaça monastery , which had been decimated by the Moors in 1195 and was the last monastery founded by Bernhard von Clairvaux in 1153 before his death, was revived. The abbot Lorenzo (1205 to 1233) became Abbot of Clairvaux. Oseira is considered to be the mother monastery of Júnias Monastery in Portugal (1248), which however probably never achieved the status of an abbey. In 1513 the monastery fell in Kommende , but in 1545 it joined the Castilian Cistercian congregation and recovered. In 1552 there was a major fire. It was rebuilt on the initiative of Abbot Fray Marcos del Barrio. In 1835 the monks left the monastery in the course of the abolition of the monastery by the Mendizábal government . In 1929 the monastery was reoccupied by Trappists from Notre-Dame-des Neiges. They rebuilt the partially dilapidated monastery.
Buildings and plant
The monastery complex is also known as the Escorial of Galicia because of its size .
The cross-shaped seven-bay monastery church with a sweeping transept and ambulatory choir was started in the early Gothic style around 1200 and consecrated in 1239 . The nave is vaulted by a pointed barrel with one window per yoke on both sides. The narrow aisles are significantly lower than the central nave, in the east also vaulted with a pointed barrel, in the west with ribbed vaults. A late Gothic gallery is built into the west. The facade of the north aisle has a rose window . After a fire around 1700, the facade of the church with twin towers, the altars and large parts of the monastery, including the courtyards Patio de los Caballeros and Patio de los Medallones, were designed in the Baroque style. The four-column chapter house with twisted palmette columns dates from around 1600. The vestry, the kitchen, the bishop's staircase and the crenellated courtyard have been preserved from the Renaissance .
- Page of the Oseira Monastery, History, (Spanish), visited on October 3, 2009, archived copy ( memento of the original of April 28, 2009 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. ; Yáñez Neira D .: VIII centenario de los mártires de Alcobaça: 1195-1995 , Cisterercium , 1995, 557-576; see. also Yáñez Neira. D: Protagonismo del monasterio de Oseira en Alcobaça , Compostellanum, 40, 1-2 (1993) p. 13-20
- Romani Martinez, El Monasterio de Santa Maria de Oseira (1138-1310) , 1989;
- Miguel Ángel González, Fray Damián Yáñez , Santa María la Real de Oseira , Edilesa, León, 2nd edition 2004, ISBN 84-8012-266-8 .
- Heinz Schomann, Art Monuments of the Iberian Peninsula Part 1 , Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft Darmstadt 1996, without ISBN, pp. 245–247.
- Bernard Peugniez: Le Guide Routier de l'Europe Cistercienne . Editions du Signe, Strasbourg 2012, p. 761.