Linum capitatum

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Linum capitatum
Linum capitatum, illustration

Linum capitatum , illustration

Eurosiden I
Order : Malpighiales (Malpighiales)
Family : Flax Family (Linaceae)
Genre : Flax ( linum )
Type : Linum capitatum
Scientific name
Linum capitatum
Kit. ex Schult.

Linum capitatum is a type of plant from the genus linseed ( Linum ).


Linum capitatum is a perennial, herbaceous plant that grows up to 40 centimeters in height and grows from a rhizome .

The stem is angular, all leaves are three-veined, the leaves close to the ground are oblong-spatulate and are in a rosette, the upper leaves are lanceolate and tapering to a point, occasionally blunt. Stipules are present in the form of a pair of glands at the base of the leaves.

The upright inflorescences are umbels of five to ten flowers on short flower stalks. The oblong-lanceolate sepals are deeply serrated and hairy, the oblong-lanceolate petals are golden yellow and about three times as long as the calyx, the stigma linear to oblong-round. The capsule fruit is egg-shaped to rounded and pointed at the end.

The number of chromosomes is 2n = 28.


The mountain plant is native to stony slopes in alpine and subalpine locations in central and southern Italy (here at 1500 to 2000 m altitude) and the Balkan Peninsula (Albania, Bulgaria, Greece, Croatia, Dalmatia, Macedonia).


  • Giovanni Arcangeli: Compendio della flora italiana ossia manuale per la determinazione delle piante che trovansi selvatiche od inselvatichite nell'Italia e nelle isole adiacenti , 2nd edition, 1894, p. 348, online
  • Adriano Fiori, Giulio Paoletti: Flora analitica d'Italia ossia descrizione delle piante vascolari indigenous inselvatichite e largamente coltivate in Italia disposte per quadri analitici , Vol. II, 1901, p. 251, online
  • Filippo Parlatore: Flora italiana, ossia descrizione delle piante che nascono salvatiche o si sono insalvatiche in Italia e nelle isole ad essa adiacenti; distribuita secondo il metodo naturale , Vol. V, 1873, p. 282-283, online
  • Simon, Jelitto, Schacht: Die Freiland - Schmuckstauden , Vol. 2, S. 583, Ulmer, 2002, ISBN 3-800163-78-0

Individual evidence

  1. Linum capitatum at In: IPCN Chromosome Reports . Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis
  2. ^ Flora Europaea, online

Web links

Commons : Linum capitatum  - collection of images, videos and audio files