Lusophonie ( Lusofonia ) is the name for the Portuguese- speaking area.
The term Lusophonie was formed analogously to the term Francophonie for the French-speaking area and is derived from the Roman name Lusitania for today's Portugal . In contrast to Francophonie , Lusophonie is not a political concept, but includes all speakers of Portuguese.
The term, in the narrower sense, designates the states with the Portuguese national language, parallel to the Community of Portuguese- Speaking Countries (CPLP). In a broader sense, it serves as a generic term for the international language family of Portuguese, i.e. all speakers of Portuguese and its variants.
The Lusophonie includes the following political states and areas:
- America: Brazil
- Africa: Angola , Equatorial Guinea , Guinea-Bissau , Cape Verde , Mozambique , São Tomé and Príncipe (collectively referred to as PALOP )
- Asia: Macau , East Timor , Goa (India)
- Europe: Portugal
Areas in which, historically, there are still minorities speaking Portuguese, or variants of Portuguese exist, are also counted as Lusophonie, for example in India ( Goa , Daman and Diu ) or Malaysia ( Malacca ), or the areas with Creole languages in Africa, for example in Casamance (Senegal) or in Annobon (Equatorial Guinea) with its Annobonesian language . Often the northern Spanish Galicia is counted as a lusophone area, with reference to the Galician-Portuguese language .
A number of intergovernmental and non-governmental organizations have emerged in connection with the idea of lusophony.
The official Lusophone countries have been grouped together in the Community of Portuguese- speaking Countries since 1996 , following the pattern of the English-speaking Commonwealth of Nations . In addition, the African countries of the Portuguese language have organized themselves in the PALOP ( Países Africanos de Língua Oficial Portuguesa ).
There are also a number of other institutions. A selection follows:
- Associação de Cultura Lusófona (ACLUS), the cultural association of the Lusophonie
- Associação das Universidades de Língua Portuguesa (AULP), organization of Portuguese-speaking universities, founded in 1986
- União das Cidades Capitais Luso-Afro-Américo-Asiáticas (UCCLA), association of Portuguese-speaking capitals, founded in 1985
- Fundação Luso-Brasileira para o Desenvolvimento do Mundo da Língua Portuguesa , Portuguese-Brazilian Development Foundation
- Associação dos Arquivistas dos Países de Língua Portuguesa , association of archivists of Portuguese-speaking countries
- Associação dos Engenheiros Agrónomos dos Países de Língua Portuguesa , Association of Agricultural Engineers of the Portuguese-speaking Countries
- Association pour le Développement des Etudes Portugaises, Brésiliennes, d´Afrique et d´Asie Lusophones (ADEPBA) , French study association
- Federação Lusófona de Ciências da Comunicação (LUSOCOM), Lusofon Association of Communication Sciences
- Associação dos Publicitários , Association of Advertising Professionals
Initiatives such as the Portuguese television station RTP Internacional and for PALOP in particular RTP África , the projects of the Portuguese Instituto Camões and the Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation and the African projects of Portuguese development aid ( Instituto Português de Apoio ao Desenvolvimento , IPAD) are also important for the development of Lusophonie ) and Portuguese non-governmental organizations such as Assistência Médica Internacional (AMI), Afectos com Letras u. a. Mention should also be made of the collaboration within the framework of town twinning between Lusophone cities or the spread of Brazilian, mostly evangelical churches.
Other sporting events in Lusophone countries include the Supertaça Luso-Angolana basketball trophy , which is currently to be expanded from three participating countries (Angola, Mozambique and Portugal) to other Portuguese-speaking countries.
The attention to football in Portugal, particularly in the former Portuguese colonies , should also be mentioned . In particular, the three big clubs in Portugal have a large number of fan clubs there, with their own club houses ( Casas do Benfica in the case of Benfica Lisbon ) and with branch clubs, especially from Sporting Lisbon .
- Community of Portuguese Speaking Countries (CPLP)
- Community of African States with Portuguese as the official language (PALOP)
- Portuguese colonial history
- Fernando Cristóvão (ed.): Dicionário Temático da Lusofonia. Texto Editores, Lisbon / Luanda / Praia / Maputo 2006, ISBN 972-47-2935-4
- Luís Graça, Luis Morais: Dicionário de Gestão & Desenvolvimento para a Lusofonia. Escolar Editora, Lisbon 2014, ISBN 978-972-59-2450-1
- Antonio Bondoso: Lusofonia e CPLP. Edições Esgotadas, Viseu 2013, ISBN 978-989-85-1467-7
- Anuário Internacional de Comunicação Lusófona 2011 Lusofonia e Cultura-Mundo. Grácio Editor, Lisbon 2012, ISBN 978-989-83-7726-5
- Vamireh Chaconn Nacimento: O Futuro Político da Lusofonia. Verbo, Lisbon 2002, ISBN 978-972-22-2171-9