Manilla (New South Wales)
Main street of Manilla
Manilla is a city in the northeast of the Australian state of New South Wales . It is 45 kilometers northwest of Tamworth on the river of the same name . At the 2016 census, Manilla had 2,106 inhabitants.
Manilla arose in the 1850s at the confluence of the Manilla River and the Namoi River . This area has been the camp of the Kamilaroi for generations. In the 1850s, coachmen regularly pulled their ox carts from the Hunter Valley through this area to the northern sheep breeding stations and the Bingara and Bundarra gold fields . The treks often encountered floods in the mouth of the Manilla River and were delayed as a result. In 1853 the English entrepreneur George Veness came to The Junction , as the area was called. He opened a general store and a wine shop at the coachman's yard. Later, the Manilla settlement emerged from this, and Veness is considered to be the founder. The early development of the settlement can be traced back to the prosperous agriculture - wheat growing and cattle breeding - in the area.
In and around Manilla, folders (English: manila folder) were produced for the first time in Australia . From 1933 to 1968 these office supplies were therefore also called manilla folder in Australia . Then, however, in a test case it was obtained that an 'l' had to be left out of the name for copyright reasons.
The city used to be the administrative center of the Local Government Area Manilla Shire . In 2004 this LGA was merged with Tamworth City Council and parts of Parry Shire , Barraba Shire and Nundle Shire to form Tamworth Regional Council .
Transport and tourism
In recent years Manilla has made a name for itself around the world as a center for hang gliders , paragliders , microlights and gyroscopes . Nearby is Mount Borah , one of the best launch sites in the world for hang-gliders and paragliders.
In 1998 the paragliding instructor and discoverer of the Mount Borah launch site, Godfrey Wenness, broke the world record for paragliders with a flight of 335 kilometers. In the summer months, major competitions take place on Mount Borah every year. In 2007 the 10th FAI Paragliding World Championships were held there, in which 150 pilots from 41 countries took part. In the week before this event, Manilla was in the headlines around the world because the German paraglider pilot Ewa Wiśnierska was sucked up to 9,946 meters in a thunderstorm and survived. A television documentary entitled Miracle in the Storm was shot about this dramatic story , which won an AFI award and was nominated for a Logie Award .
Manilla has a new central library. It is housed in the office complex of the LGA administration in Hauptstrasse. In addition to the Centrelink office , there is the Manilla Book Club and a weekly reading hour for children.
- Henry Burrell (1873–1945), naturalist, researched the behavior of platypus in the Namoi River and Manilla River at the beginning of the 20th century
- Fiona Coote (1970–), heart patient, was the second and youngest patient in Australia in 1984 to have a heart transplant.
- Dally Messenger (1883-1959), rugby player, ran '' The Royal Hotel '' from 1917 and introduced rugby to the city.
- John Quayle , rugby player and former chairman of the Australian Rugby League , began his career in Manilla.
- Harry M. Miller (1934–), entrepreneur and publicist, bought the Dunmore estate in Manilla and was the first in Australia to start breeding German Simmental cattle , which he imported from New Zealand.
- Manilla Museum (English)
- 2007 FAI Paragliding World Championships . Manilla 2007
- Paraglider Survives at 32,000 ft. BBC News, February 16, 2007
- Manilla Anglican - Growing as God's People . Manilla Anglican Church
- The Thriller in Manilla . The Age, February 3, 2007
- Australian Bureau of Statistics : Manilla ( English ) In: 2016 Census QuickStats . June 27, 2017. Retrieved January 26, 2020.
- Manilla . Geographical Names Board of New South Wales. Archived from the original on June 6, 2011. Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. Retrieved October 27, 2009.