|Place in Eisenach
The northeast corner of the market square with the city palace, Ratsapotheke, town hall and Georgsbrunnen (2014)
|from around the 13th century
|u. a. 16th century, 1938, 1967, 1999
|Karlstrasse, Goldschmiedenstrasse, Predigergasse, Georgenstrasse, Marktgasse, Badergasse
|u. a. Town hall , Georgenkirche , city palace
|Pedestrian traffic , car traffic , public transport , weekly market
|Georgsbrunnen , office fountain
The market is a central square in the city center of Eisenach in Thuringia . Almost all the buildings that surround the market are listed buildings. There are important urban and cultural institutions on the market.
Location and name
The market square is located in the center of the old town of Eisenach at an altitude of 215 m above sea level . It is part of the Eisenach old town area monument . In 1848 the square was still known as the Wednesday market and, alongside Karlsplatz and Frauenplan, it was one of three marketplaces in Eisenach. The square has been named a market since 1872 .
On the northeast corner of the market square is the entrance to Karlsstrasse with the building of the Ratsapotheke and the town hall , which is adjoined on the east side by the new building of the city administration and the Wartburg-Sparkasse from the 1990s. At the southeast corner, Goldschmiedenstrasse branches off to the east, to the south the square is dominated by the Georgenkirche , behind it the Creutznacher Haus and the esplanade of the former residence border the square. The Pfarrberg with the Georgenschule and the main post office connects to the south-west, while Untere Predigergasse leads west to the Martin-Luther-Gymnasium . The west side of the square, with the exception of the Markt 18 building at the junction of Predigergasse, was rebuilt in the 1980s based on the historical old buildings. Shops, offices, the market tavern and a bank are located here. At the northwest corner, Georgenstrasse branches off to the west and Badergasse to the north. The listed Rodensteiner house is located at the intersection of both streets . The western north side of the square is built with the former Hotel Rautenkranz , which today houses parts of the city administration, including the citizens' office . The north side of the market is dominated by the city palace with the Thuringian Museum .
The market fountain (Georgsbrunnen) has been located on the square since 1549 and has changed locations. St. George , the patron saint of the city, sits enthroned over the octagonal basin as a gilded dragon slayer .
The Theater am Markt has been located at the entrance to Goldschmiedenstrasse since 2008 .
Today's market square is one of three historical market settlements in today's urban area. In 1278 the square was first mentioned as a forum . Today's building on the square developed from the 12th century with the construction of the Georgenkirche, on the north side of which the first town hall, which was demolished between 1741 and 1743, was built in 1484. From 1742 to 1747 Duke Ernst August had the city palace built on the north side of the market. The historical buildings on the east side with the Ratsapotheke, the town hall and the Ratswaage, which was destroyed in 1945, date from the 16th century.
A memorial cross carved into the pavement between Georgenkirche and Brunnenkeller commemorates five leaders of the so-called Werrahaufen , including Hans Sippel from Vacha , who were executed here on May 11, 1525.
From 1909 the Eisenach tram used the market, coming from Karlsstraße in the direction of Georgenstraße; A tram stop and passing point was set up in front of the city palace.
In the era of National Socialism the place on 1 May 1933, was Adolf Hitler -Platz renamed. To make room for marches, the Georgsbrunnen was moved from the center of the square in front of the west side of the Georgenkirche to the former location of the Bach monument .
Shortly before the end of World War II , the buildings on the east and south sides of the square were badly damaged in an air raid on February 9, 1945 . The destroyed buildings on the east side with the historical council scales were removed after the end of the war, except for the town hall and the corner house on Goldschmiedenstraße. In 1945 the square was renamed back to Markt and paved in the 1960s. It served as a parking lot until the 1980s; the tram stop was converted into a bus stop for public buses when the tram operation was discontinued after 1975, and those coming from Goldschmiedenstraße drove the square in the direction of Georgenstraße.
"Now I have some idea of why Martin Luther called Eisenach" my beloved city. ""
From 1999 to 2000 the square was completely renovated, the asphalt pavement was replaced by granite paving and the Georgsbrunnen was returned to its historical location. The road and bus traffic has been rerouted permanently, so that through road traffic only occurs on the south and west side of the square.
Today the square is used regularly as a venue and weekly market as well as for the annual Eisenach Christmas market. The parade for the Eisenach summer win traditionally ends on the market.
- Speech by Federal Chancellor Helmut Kohl on welcoming Bill Clinton in Eisenach, 1998
- President Bill Clinton's speech in the Market Square, 1998
- Hermann Helmboldt: The castle clamp and the Clemda in Eisenach . In: Max Kürschner (Hrsg.): Heimatblätter for the Eisenach district . tape 9 , issue 1-2. Max Hense printing and publishing house, Eisenach 1943, p. 51-56 .
- Cross in the pavement will be reintroduced eisenachonline.de from December 11, 2015, accessed on June 19, 2019
- History of Eisenach , accessed on February 28, 2013.
- Bill Clinton in Eisenach , accessed February 26, 2013
- City history - 1990 - today ( Memento of the original from March 9, 2013 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. , accessed February 26, 2013
- Clinton's speech , accessed February 28, 2013
- Official translation , accessed February 28, 2013
- Ratsinfo Eisenach ( Memento of the original from May 21, 2015 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. , accessed May 18, 2015