Max von Redwitz

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Coat of arms of the Barons of Redwitz

Maximilian Heinrich Joseph Freiherr von Redwitz auf Schmölz and Theisenort (born August 14, 1858 in Munich ; † March 25, 1920 , ibid) was a Bavarian major general and high court official. His brother Otto (born January 16, 1861) became a Bavarian major.


Max von Redwitz came from the formerly imperial Frankish noble family von Redwitz . Grandfather Ludwig von Redwitz was also based in Speyer as chief customs inspector and customs office manager and is buried there in the old cemetery . He was the son of the poet Oskar von Redwitz and his wife Mathilde, née Hoscher, who came from Speyer in the Palatinate .

His sister Marie was a lady in waiting for Duchess Amalie in Bavaria , the daughter of Duke Carl Theodor in Bavaria. In addition, she worked as a writer and published a. a. her memoirs entitled Hofchronik 1888-1921 (Munich 1924), which are among the most reliable historical sources on the Wittelsbach branch of the dukes in Bavaria . Her brother Max is also mentioned in it.

Another sister, Anna von Redwitz, had married the railroad industrialist Otto von Kühlmann and was the mother of the diplomat Richard von Kühlmann , who held the official functions of the German Foreign Minister during the First World War .


Redwitz embarked on a military career in the Bavarian Army and became a cavalry officer . His father was personally acquainted with Duke Carl Theodor in Bavaria . His brother Max Emanuel in Bavaria took over Redwitz in 1889 and he became his court master at Biederstein Castle . Both were also linked by a pronounced passion for horses and equestrian sports.

When his brother Max Emanuel in Bavaria and his wife Amalie von Sachsen-Coburg and Gotha died in 1893 and 1894, respectively, Duke Carl Theodor and his wife Marie José of Portugal , with the help of the court master Redwitz, took over the upbringing of the children they left behind.

The oldest of these orphans was Duke Siegfried in Bavaria . When he was declared of legal age in 1894, Duke Carl appointed Theodor Redwitz as his personal adjutant . This is what the late mother, Duchess Amalie von Sachsen-Coburg Gotha, had wished for herself. Redwitz remained in this relationship of trust until autumn 1903. He finally had to give up the position because Duke Siegfried fell more and more insane after a riding accident in 1899, was taken to a nursing home and was incapacitated.

Redwitz now took over the management of the military riding school in Munich and also published various writings on horse training and riding.

Finally, Prince Ludwig Ferdinand of Bavaria chose him as his steward, in which position he remained until his death. His last military rank was that of major general.

According to the personal memories of Prince Adalbert von Bayern , Redwitz died of pneumonia on the evening of March 25, 1920. The death of his father's court master moved him very much because he was a "sincere older friend" who always meant well to him.


He married on May 30, 1882 the Freiin Rosalie von Redwitz (born April 10, 1864). The couple had several children:

  • Oskar Otto Erich (born April 2, 1883)
  • Wilhelm Anton Karl Max (born February 28, 1888)
  • Siegfried Karl Wilhelm Erich (born January 3, 1896)


  • Norbert Nemec: Archduchess Maria Annunziata (1876–1961). The unknown niece of Emperor Franz Joseph I. Böhlau Verlag. Vienna 2010. ISBN 3-205-78456-1 . Pp. 92-116.
  • Gothaisches genealogical pocket book of baronial houses, 1906, p.594

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Brigitte Sokop: That Countess Larisch: Marie Louise Countess Larisch-Wallersee. Confidante of the empress - ostracized after Mayerling. Böhlau publishing house. Vienna 2006. ISBN 3-205-77484-1 . P. 240. (there is a quote from the Duke's personal letter to Oskar von Redwitz)
  2. ^ Friedrich Wolf: François de Cuvilliés. Volumes 87-89. Volume 89 of: Upper Bavarian Archive. 1967. pp. 40, 41. Section scans from the source
  3. ^ Military weekly paper . Volume 88. 1903. Part 2. Column 2618. Excerpt from the source
  4. List of various publications on equestrian sports
  5. ^ Joachim W. Storck: Rainer Maria Rilke. Letters on politics. Insel Verlag. 1992, pp. 152, 156. Excerpts from the source
  6. ^ Adalbert von Bayern: Memories. 1900-1956. 1991, ISBN 3-7844-2299-3 , p. 299. Excerpt from the source