Maximilian Gritzner

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Coat of arms of the Steglitz district , designed by Maximilian Gritzner

Maximilian Gritzner (born July 29, 1843 in Sorau , † July 10, 1902 in Berlin ; full name Adolf Maximilian Ferdinand Gritzner ) was a German heraldist and expert on phaleristics , religious orders. As a privy councilor in the Berlin Ministry of the Interior, he was responsible for gender and community coats of arms in Wilhelmine Prussia .


His father was the lawyer and notary Adolf Gritzner (1810-1859), his mother was his wife Friederike von Dresky (1821-1878), a daughter of the Prussian major Ferdinand von Dresky and Charlotte von Conring (1794-1830).


After graduating from high school, he went to the military in 1862. In 1866 he went to the German war as a prime lieutenant and was seriously wounded near Königgrätz , so that his leg had to be amputated. In 1867 he was released from active service, was still briefly in the reserve army and in 1870/71 in the Homeland War service. From 1872 he came to the Prussian Ministry of the Interior, where he worked in its library from 1875. He became a royal Prussian chancellery there.

Bruno Bernhard Heim calls Gritzner the person who laid down the "definitive terminology of German heraldry" in 1889. In 1893 Gritzner published a handbook of the Knight's Orders and Orders of Merit and, as the Prussian Herald, was responsible for the unmasking of some impostors who had ennobled themselves. Gritzner was also responsible for the revision of several volumes of the Great Book of Arms by Johann Siebmacher .

Gritznerstrasse in the Berlin district of Steglitz-Zehlendorf and a school were named after him.


He married Clara Helling (* 1849) in Berlin in 1870, daughter of the government geometer Friedrich Heling and Marie Küß. The couple had four sons and three daughters. His son Erich Gritzner became a well-known German heraldist, archivist and the last royal Saxon herald master. Both Maximilian Gritzner (honorary member 1883) and his son Erich Gritzner were members of the Red Lion Leipzig fraternity .

Works (selection)

  • Coat of arms album of the count families of Germany and Austria-Hungary. Weigel, Leipzig 1885–1890 ( digitized version )
    • Volume 1: Coat of arms 1–209 with text, A – D ( digitized version )
    • Volume 2: Heraldic panel 210–384 with text, E – K ( digital copy )
    • Volume 3: Heraldic panel 385–585 with text, L – R ( digitized )
    • Volume 4: Heraldic plaque 586–700 with text, S – Z ( digitized version )
  • The nobility of the Grand Duchy of Oldenburg. Bauer & Raspe, Nuernberg 1872 ( digitized version )
  • Post office in Prussia. 1873.
  • Chronological register of the Brandenburg-Prussian class elevations and acts of grace from 1600–1873. Berlin 1874 ( digitized version ); ( Digitized version )
  • Flags and banners. Bauer & Raspe, Nuernberg 1878 ( digitized )
  • Bavarian aristocratic repertory for the last three centuries, collected and compiled from official sources. Starke, Görlitz 1880.
  • Class surveys and acts of grace of German sovereigns during the last three centuries. 2 vols., Starke, Görlitz 1880/1881 ( digitized version )
  • Principles of heraldic art, combined with a manual of heraldic terminology. Bauer & Raspe, Nuremberg 1889–1890 ( digitized version ; reprinted under the title Large and General Wappenbuch. Bremen 2012.)
  • Amyntha. A Rhenish song. Elischer Nachf., Leipzig 1892.
  • Handbook of heraldic terminology in twelve (Germanic and Romanic) tongues. Bauer & Raspe, Nuremberg 1890.
  • Handbook of the Knights and Merit Orders of all civilized states in the world. Leipzig 1893; Reprint: Reprint-Verlag, Holzminden 2000, ISBN 3-8262-0705-X .
  • Handbook of the women's founders existing in the German Empire, Austria-Hungary, Denmark, Sweden and the Russian Baltic Sea provinces and the rank of equal charities, together with the symbols of the order of the former. Keller, Frankfurt a. M. 1893.
  • The old Prussian repealed cathedral colleges, their internal constitution and their medals and decorations. Biblio, Osnabrück 1987, ISBN 3-7648-1073-4 .


Individual evidence

  1. ^ Friederike Elisabeth Amalie von Dresky and Merzdorf . In: Marcelli Janecki , Deutsche Adelsgenossenschaft (Hrsg.): Yearbook of the German nobility . First volume. WT Bruer's Verlag, Berlin 1896, p. 518 ( ).
  2. ^ Daughter of Hermann Justus von Conring

Web links

Commons : Maximilian Gritzner  - Collection of images, videos and audio files