Medical Academy "Carl Gustav Carus"
The "Carl Gustav Carus" Medical Academy was a medical college for the training of doctors. It was founded on September 1, 1954 in Dresden , then the district town of the Dresden district , and since the German reunification the capital of the Free State of Saxony . From the beginning she had the right to doctorate and habilitation. In 1993 the university became the medical faculty and the Carl Gustav Carus University Hospital of the Technical University of Dresden . In its 39 years, the academy produced 6,000 doctors.
In 1748 the Collegium medico-chirurgicum was founded in Dresden . The Royal Medical Surgical Academy, which existed from 1815 to 1864, is considered to be the forerunner of the Medical Academy. Among others, Carl Gustav Carus , as professor and co-founder, and Johann Ludwig Choulant , as professor and last rector, worked on it. During the time of National Socialism there were plans from 1938 to set up an independent medical university in Dresden. However, this project failed initially for financial reasons and later as a result of the Second World War .
The Medical Academy Dresden was established in 1954 with the Medical Academy Erfurt and the Medical Academy Magdeburg ; because in the GDR there was a lack of medical training capacities. The structural starting point of the MedAk, as the hospital is still often called today, was the city hospital in Dresden's Johannstadt district, which has existed since 1901 . The academy was named after Carl Gustav Carus when it was founded. The internist Wilhelm Christian Crecelius and the surgeon Albert Fromme , who also became the first rector of the university, played a major role in the founding of the Dresden Academy, which started teaching in the winter semester of 1954/1955 with 71 students and seven professors .
Doctors and dentists were trained at the MAD in the clinical part of their training after passing the first section of the medical examination (Physikum). Due to the "Institute for Dental Offspring" in Dresden since 1923, the training of dentists at the Medical Academy Dresden took place from the beginning, unlike in Magdeburg and Erfurt. Pre-clinical studies were planned for both subjects, but it was not realized until 1990, shortly before the university came to an end. Until then, the pre-clinical training of the Dresden medical students took place at the Humboldt University in Berlin and that of the dental students also took place at the Humboldt University as well as at the universities in Rostock , Jena , Halle and Leipzig . As at all universities in the GDR, there was an institute for Marxism-Leninism at the MAD for the ideological instruction of the students, but also of the academic staff as well as the lecturers and professors. In total, around 6,000 graduates left the Dresden Medical Academy between 1954 and 1993.
In October 1993 the university hospital Carl Gustav Carus Dresden , which has been a legally independent institution under public law since 1999 , and the medical faculty of the Technical University of Dresden emerged .
Rectors of the Medical Academy Dresden were from 1954 to 1956 the surgeon Albert Fromme , from 1956 to 1960 the pathologist Horst-Günther Güttner (1912-1983), from 1960 to 1964 the pharmacologist Wolfgang Oelßner , from 1964 to 1968 the pathologist Heinz Simon (1922 –1993), from 1968 to 1974 the social hygienist Werner Schmincke (1920–2003), from 1974 to 1978 again Heinz Simon, from 1978 to 1983 the surgeon Hans-Georg Knoch (1931–2010) and from 1983 to 1989 the pharmacologist Joachim Schmidt (* 1933). After the political change in the GDR, Hans-Georg Knoch took over the office again from 1989 to 1991, the last rector from 1991 to 1993 and founding dean of the medical faculty of the Technical University of Dresden was the psychiatrist and neurologist Otto Bach (* 1937).
Well-known university professors included the internist Wilhelm Christian Crecelius , the surgeons Hans Bernhard Sprung and Richard Kirsch , the pediatrician Georg Oskar Harnapp and Werner Ludwig , social hygienist and long-time president of the German Red Cross in the GDR . The orthopedic surgeon Jürgen Kleditzsch was the last minister for health in the GDR in 1990. The university's graduates include the microbiologist Hertha-Lore Borkhardt , who later became the director of the Medical Academy in Magdeburg , the forensic doctor Dieter Krause , who after completing his specialist training in Dresden, also acted as the director of the institute in Magdeburg, and the radiologist Hans-Jürgen Eberhardt , who after completing his specialist training in Dresden, was professor at the Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg and the Technical University of Dresden.
- Albrecht Scholz, Caris-Petra Heidel and Marina Lienert (eds.): From city hospital to university hospital - 100 years of hospital history in Dresden. Böhlau-Verlag, Cologne 2001, ISBN 3-412-03301-4 ( limited preview in the Google book search).
- Caris-Petra Heidel, Marina Lienert: The professors of the Medical Faculty Carl Gustav Carus and its predecessor institutions 1814-2004. K. G. Saur, Munich 2005, ISBN 3-598-11720-5 ; New edition (reprint): Walter de Gruyter, Berlin / Boston 2013, ISBN 978-3-11-093961-3 , urn : nbn: de: 101: 1-2016072910092 ( preview in Google book search).
- Kathrin Langowsky: The development from the Dresden-Johannstadt City Hospital to the Carl Gustav Carus Medical Faculty of the Dresden University of Technology. May 11, 2000 ( uniklinikum-dresden.de [PDF; 12 kB]).
- University archive of the Technical University of Dresden: inventory of the Medical Faculty of the TU Dresden / University Hospital Carl Gustav Carus Dresden ( Memento from May 29, 2016 in the Internet Archive ). In: tu-dresden.de, January 11, 2016
- Founding document of the Carl Gustav Carus Medical Faculty. Dresden, October 1, 1993 ( memo of November 22, 2008 in the Internet Archive ). In: tu-dresden.de, June 22, 2005
- Order on the establishment of medical academies of July 20, 1954. In: Central Gazette of the German Democratic Republic (= Legal Gazette of the German Democratic Republic . Part II.). Berlin, July 31, 1954, p. 351 ( recht.makrolog.de ). Quotation n .: Albrecht Scholz, Caris-Petra Heidel and Marina Lienert (eds.): From city hospital to university hospital - 100 years of hospital history in Dresden. Böhlau-Verlag, Cologne 2001, ISBN 3-412-03301-4 , p. 226, note 15 ( limited preview in the Google book search).
- Heidel / Lienert, 2005/2013, p. 99 ( scan in Google book search).
- Heidel / Lienert, 2005/2013, p. 212 f. ( Scan in google book search).
- Heidel / Lienert, 2005/2013, p. 197 f. ( Scan in google book search).
- Heidel / Lienert, 2005/2013, p. 134 ( scan in Google book search).
- Heidel / Lienert, 2005/2013, p. 195 f. ( Scan in google book search).
- Heidel / Lienert, 2005/2013, p. 53 f. ( Scan in google book search).