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Djedet in hieroglyphics
Old empire
R11 X1
Z1 Z1

Middle realm
R11 D46
X1 O49

New kingdom
R11 R11 D46

(from) duration (place)

Mendes (Μένδης) is the Greek name of the ancient Egyptian city Djedet (now Arabic تل الربع Tall al-Rubˁ ) in the eastern Nile Delta .


It was the capital of the 16th Gaus ( Hatmehit -Gau) of Lower Egypt and the capital of Ancient Egypt during the 29th Dynasty . The city was on the "Mendesian arm of the Nile", which is now muddy, about 35 kilometers east of Mansura .

Today the site is one of the largest archaeological sites in the Nile Delta and consists of Tell al-Rubˁ with the remains of the main temple and the Egyptian settlement and Tell Timai in the south, where the Greco-Roman settlement Thmuis was located. Mendes has an approximate north-south extension of three kilometers and extends about 900 meters from east to west.

The former main god of Mendes in ancient Egypt was the ram god Ba-neb-djedet . In the third interim period , the Egyptians regarded Hatmehit as his wife, who with their son Hor-pa-chered formed the trinity of Mendes.


Web links

Wikivoyage: Tell er-Rubʿ  - travel guide

Coordinates: 30 ° 57 '  N , 31 ° 31'  E