|Place:||New York City , United States|
|Construction time :||1960-1963|
|Architectural style :||Modern|
|Architect :||Emery Roth & Sons|
|Use / legal|
|Owner :||Tishman Speyer Properties|
|Client :||Pan American World Airways|
|Height :||246 m|
|Height to the roof:||246 m|
|Rank (height) :||33rd place (New York)|
|Usable area :||300,000 m²|
|Building material :||Structure: steel ;
Facade: glass , aluminum
Construction work on the building began in 1960 and ended in 1963. The executive architect was the company Emery Roth & Sons , who were assisted by Walter Gropius and Pietro Belluschi in the design . With a height of 246 meters divided into 60 floors, it is today (as of 2016) the 33-tallest building in New York City . Originally it housed the administration of the airline Pan American World Airways (Pan Am for short). In 1981 the Metropolitan Life Insurance Company bought it . In 1993 it was renamed from Pan Am Building to MetLife Building . The eye-catching lettering on the facade below the roof has been replaced. Real estate firm Tishman Speyer Properties acquired the building for $ 1.72 billion. The actual address is 200 Park Avenue ; it extends from 43rd to 45th streets.
What began in 1954 as the renovation of Grand Central Terminal ends with the construction of the Pan Am Building . With its glass facade and its shape as an octagon with three horizontal interruptions, it is an eye-catcher for the entire Park Avenue. There used to be a heliport on the roof, which New York Airways served as scheduled between December 1965 and February 1968 and again briefly from February to May 1977 . From there there were connections to JFK International Airport and LaGuardia Airport . Flight operations ceased on May 16, 1977 as a result of an accident . The five victims included the director Michael Findlay and his wife, the director Roberta Findlay .
The facade of the building was renovated in 2002.
- The former heliport on the roof of the building can be seen at the end of the film Coogan's Big Bluff with Clint Eastwood .
- In the 2004 drama Butterfly Effect , the MetLife Building and the Empire State Building can be seen briefly at the end of the film.
- The future of the MetLife building after the disappearance of mankind is dealt with in episode 2 of the second season of the documentary fiction series Future Without People (“Poison Clouds”, USA 2010).
- In 2012 appeared the US action and science fiction - feature film The Avengers served the MetLife Building as a basis for "Strong Tower", which is converted at the end of the film to the "Avengers Tower".
- Dirk Stichweh: New York Skyscrapers. Prestel Verlag, Munich et al. 2009, ISBN 978-3-7913-4054-8 .
- Official website (English)
- Skyscraperpage : page about the building (English)
- Further information (English)
- Geoff Boucher: "'Avengers' deconstructed: Helicarrier, Stark Tower design secrets" , herocomplex.latimes.com, on May 24, 2012. Retrieved on April 8, 2015