Ministry of Economic Development (Italy)
The Ministry of Economic Development ( it. Ministero dello Sviluppo Economico , short “MiSE”) is a ministry of the Italian government . It is headquartered in the Palazzo Piacentini on Via Veneto in Rome . The current minister is Stefano Patuanelli . It is the Ministry of Economy of Italy . There is also the Ministry of Economics and Finance , which, despite its name, is primarily a Ministry of Finance and is only called the Ministry of Economics because of the management of state holdings. The first name was "Ministry of Industry and Trade".
The ministry is responsible for the manufacturing and processing industry , the trade , communication , economic cohesion, competitiveness and innovation. It is also responsible for energy policy and mining .
The political leadership consists of the minister and two to four state secretaries . The Secretary General is the head of the ministry and therefore the highest official . Administratively, the department heads (“general directors”) of the currently 15 departments (“general directors”) of the ministry report to him. The Italian Patent Office is attached to one department and the 16 regional branches of the Ministry in Italy to another.
Several scientific advisory boards and institutes belong to the business area. The ministry oversees around 100 Italian chambers of commerce and industry , the business relocation agency Invitalia , the Italian antitrust office and, to a limited extent , various other regulatory authorities . The tasks of the former foreign trade institutes were recently taken over by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs .
On December 7, 1847, the new State Secretariat for Public Works, Agriculture and Trade was established in Turin . In the wake of the revolution of 1848 and the imposition of Karl Albert's constitution ( Statuto Albertino ), the state secretariats were renamed ministries. On that occasion, the State Secretariat for Public Works, Agriculture and Trade was divided in August 1848 into the Ministry of Public Works and the Ministry of Agriculture and Trade. The latter was beaten in 1850 and the Navy Department to, was dissolved by the Ministry of Marine, agriculture and trade in the year. 1852 These postponements and dissolutions were primarily in the interests of long-time minister and prime minister Camillo Benso von Cavour , who wanted to keep various parts of government business under his control despite a formal change of office.
In the course of the unification of Italy under the House of Savoy , the Ministry of Agriculture, Industry and Trade was created on July 5, 1860. As such, with a brief interruption between 1877 and 1878, it existed until June 22, 1916, when it was divided into a Ministry of Agriculture and a Ministry of Industry, Trade and Labor. These ministries were merged in 1923 under Benito Mussolini in the new "Ministry of National Economy", which was dissolved again in 1929. The " Corporations Ministry" established in 1926 took over the area for industry, trade and labor . For the latter, the Palazzo delle Corporazioni was built in Rome and later named after the architect Marcello Piacentini . After Mussolini was deposed , it was renamed Ministry of Industry, Trade and Labor in the summer of 1943. In 1946 the field of foreign trade was spun off into its own ministry, and in 1947 responsibility for work was transferred to the new ministry for work and social security. In 1966 it was renamed the Ministry of Industry, Crafts and Trade.
A reform of the Italian ministerial bureaucracy initiated in 1997 by the then center-left government (referred to as the Bassanini reform after the responsible minister, Franco Bassanini) formed the basis for the amalgamation and reorganization of various ministries in Italy. From 1999 to 2001 there were then far-reaching organizational reforms, in the course of which the Ministry of Industry, Crafts and Trade was merged with the Ministry of Foreign Trade and the Ministry of Communications (formerly the Ministry of Post ) and the new name "Ministry of Productive Activities" ( "Ministry of Commerce"). In 2006 the name was changed to “Ministry of Economic Development” when the new Ministry received the Main Department for Economic Cohesion and Development from the Ministry of Economy and Finance, without the Ministry of Economy and Finance having changed its name. In the years that followed, various internal reorganizations took place.