Ministry of Cultural Goods and Activities (Italy)
The Ministry of Cultural Property, Cultural Activities and Tourism ( Italian Ministero dei beni e delle attività culturali e del turismo , or MiBACT for short ) is a ministry of the Italian government . His area of responsibility includes cultural goods in general, all forms of expression of the fine arts and tourism . The headquarters of the ministry is in the Palazzo del Collegio Romano in Rome , a second important office in San Michele a Ripa Grande in Trastevere . The acting minister since September 2019 is Dario Franceschini .
Name and story
Although it is essentially a Ministry of Culture , it is not called that in Italy because the term is still very negative because of the infamous Ministry of Culture from the time of fascism . The current Ministry of Cultural Property was created in 1975 through a spin-off from the Ministry of Education . It also received competencies from other ministries, for example from the Ministry of the Interior that for the state archives . At times it was also responsible for sports . Since 2014, following a reorganization of the ministry, tourism, which at times was only dealt with by a minister without a portfolio, has played an important role, particularly with regard to its economic development and its better integration with cultural assets.
The later President of the Senate, Giovanni Spadolini , became the first Minister for Cultural Property .
The political leadership consists of the minister and one or two state secretaries . The latter are not civil servants in Italy, but politicians. Head of office of the ministry and thus the highest administrative officer is a general secretary . The ministry is divided into a management area and twelve departments ( Direzioni Generali ):
- Department of Education and Research
- Department of Archeology
- Department of Fine Arts and Cultural Landscape
- Department of Contemporary Art and Architecture and Suburbs
- Cultural Events Department
- Film and Cinema Department
- Department of Tourism
- Department of Museums
- Archives Department
- Department of Libraries
- Organization department
- Household Department
The central organization of the ministry includes various scientific institutes and advisory boards as well as a special unit of the Carabinieri for the protection of cultural property. The peripheral organization consists of 17 regional directorates, the territorial scope of which is largely the same as that of the Italian regions . In the autonomous regions of Aosta Valley , Sicily and Trentino-Alto Adige , the governments there usually assume the duties of the ministry. The regional directorates are subordinated to specialized offices, which are referred to as “superintendentures” and are essentially responsible for archeology , monument protection and various memorial institutions. The latter can also report directly to the regional directorates. Some “superintendent's offices” with special tasks in large cities (Rome, Venice , Florence , Naples ), the Central State Archives and the two national libraries in Florence and Rome are directly subordinate to the Ministry. The Ministry also oversees the Accademia Nazionale dei Lincei, among others .
- Official websites (Italian)
Coordinates: 41 ° 53 ′ 56 " N , 12 ° 28 ′ 51" E