Ministry of Labor and Social Policy
The Italian Ministry of Labor and Social Policy ( Italian: Ministero del Lavoro e delle Politiche Sociali ) is one of the ministries of the Italian government . The Ministry has its headquarters on Via Veneto in Rome . Acting Minister of Labor and Social Affairs is Nunzia Catalfo .
The ministry is responsible for labor market policy , labor law and occupational health and safety as well as for parts of vocational training policy , for general social policy , social security and the supervision of social security as well as for social problems of immigration .
The political leadership consists of the minister and two to four state secretaries . The latter are not civil servants in Italy, but politicians. The Secretary General is the head of the ministry and therefore the highest official . The department heads ("General Directors") of the currently ten departments ("General Directorates") report to him administratively:
- Personnel Policy, Innovation, Budget and Logistics Department
- Inspection Department
- Department for communication and information in the field of labor and social policy
- Passive and Active Labor Policy Department
- Industrial Relations and Employment Relations Department
- Labor Services Department
- Welfare and Social Security Policy Department
- Inclusion and Social Policy Department
- Department for the nonprofit and social movements
- Department of Immigration and Integration Policy.
The ministry's remit also includes a number of other bodies, including a commission for ensuring minimum services in the event of strikes, a commission for overseeing pension funds , an advisory body on equality issues and various other advisory or scientific bodies.
The decentralized organization consists of 18 regional directorates (not in Sicily and Trentino-Alto Adige , which largely assume the tasks of the ministry themselves), subordinate directorates at provincial level and around 30 labor offices for seafarers . Carabinieri units specializing in occupational safety are subordinate to the ministry and its subordinate directorates .
The Ministry oversees the Istituto Nazionale della Previdenza Sociale and a number of other specialized social security agencies .
The story can be traced back to the former Ministry of Agriculture, Industry and Trade, which was split into a Ministry of Agriculture and a Ministry of Industry, Trade and Labor in 1916. In 1920 a separate ministry for labor and social welfare was established. The ministries mentioned were merged in 1923 under Benito Mussolini in the new "Ministry for National Economy", which was dissolved again in 1929. The " Corporations Ministry" established in 1926 took over the area for industry, trade and labor . For the latter, the Palazzo delle Corporazioni was built in Rome and later named after the architect Marcello Piacentini . After Mussolini was deposed, it was renamed Ministry of Industry, Trade and Labor in the summer of 1943. In 1945 responsibility for labor went to the new Ministry of Labor and Social Security. Major reforms within the Ministry took place in 1955 and 1961, and in 1996 and 1997, when various tasks were transferred to the Italian regions . As part of further reforms, the ministry was temporarily merged with the Ministry of Health several times from 1999 onwards , and ministries for social cohesion and family policy were also spun off.