Morgenitz has been part of the municipality of Mellenthin in the inland of the island of Usedom since January 1st, 2005 . It is located on the southern edge of a swamp area 1 km away from Lake Krienker , 2 km east of the Peene River and near the southern periphery of the Lieper Winkel .
The later immigrated Slavs from the Liutitzen tribe called the settlement Murignevitz .
Morgenitz was first mentioned in 1270 as "Murigneuitz". The name is traced back to a person's name. At that time, at the instigation of Duke Barnim I of Pomerania- Stettin , the village came into the possession of Grobe Monastery , which was moved to Pudagla in 1309 . A separate chapel was first mentioned for Morgenitz in 1318.
After the Reformation , Morgenitz came into secular nobility. The von Borke family (the spelling of Borcke (n) and von Borck can also be found ) was first mentioned in 1527. She was based at the Krienker Castle, which has been demolished today. In addition to Morgenitz, they also owned Suckow . Colonel Paul Weedeke von Borcke is buried in a crypt under the altar of the church in Morgenitz; his sarcophagus dates from 1699.
Morgenitz was a farming and church village in the shape of a street village. It still had a windmill in the 19th century.
On July 1, 1950, the previously independent municipality Dewichow was incorporated.
During the GDR era, a larger LPG complex was built northeast of Morgenitz , which was privatized and modernized after 1990. In the village, as on the entire island, tourist infrastructures were created, such as a riding stable and some holiday accommodations. The proximity of the Lieper Winkel and von Mellenthin have a positive effect here.
Morgenitz, with 150 inhabitants, is located at the intersection of two streets. One runs, coming from the south on the federal highway 110 , via Suckow and ends approx. 6 km northwards in Dewichow on the Krienker See; the other, about 4 km long, comes from the west of Krienke and meets the main road to the Baltic Sea / Heringsdorf in the center of Mellenthin .
In GDR times, many buildings had fallen, but after 1990 the local picture was cobbled -Roads and Reet -gedeckten houses significantly improved. There are two guest houses with a dining room and a few holiday apartments; however, tourism only plays a subordinate role and the rustic impression predominates.
The Morgenitz village church is a simple, single-nave church. It was built as a late Gothic brick building (around 1500) without a tower. One of the oldest preserved baptismal fonts in Pomerania is located here.
A couple runs a ceramics workshop in a thatched farm near the church. The range includes classic vases and jugs as well as vessels in innovative, winding shapes. On the last weekend of July each year, a pottery market is held, to which ceramic craftsmen and lovers from all over Germany come.
Hiking and cycling trails in the area
- to the south: Suckower Tannen, Kirchenberg (50 m)
- to the north: Borgwald, Old Slavonic hill fort Mellenthin , Balmer See
- to the northwest the Lieper Winkel peninsula with small old villages
- StBA: Changes in the municipalities in Germany, see 2005
- Manfred Niemeyer: Ostvorpommern I . Collection of sources and literature on place names. Vol. 1: Usedom. (= Greifswald contributions to toponymy. Vol. 1), Ernst-Moritz-Arndt University of Greifswald, Institute for Slavic Studies, Greifswald 2001, ISBN 3-86006-149-6 . P. 40 ff
- Burkhard Kunkel: Taufstein from Morgenitz, cat. No. 584, in: Stiegemann, C., Kroker, M., Walter, W., ed., CREDO. Christianization of Europe in the Middle Ages, Vol. II, Petersberg 2013, p. 634.