Mount Holyoke College
|Mount Holyoke College|
|motto||That our daughters may be as corner stones, after the similitude of a palace - Ps 144,12 EU|
|place||South Hadley, Massachusetts , USA|
|Foundation assets||$ 503 million|
The Mount Holyoke College is a highly selective, private liberal arts college for women in South Hadley , Massachusetts . It was founded by Mary Lyon on November 8, 1837 as Mount Holyoke Female Seminary , is the first of the Seven Sisters and the oldest university in the world that is still exclusively for women. Mount Holyoke is also one of the Five Colleges in the Pioneer Valley , alongside Amherst College , Smith College , Hampshire College and the University of Massachusetts Amherst . The college has around 2,100 students and 200 lecturers.
Mount Holyoke Female Seminary (1837–1888)
Mary Lyon was among the pioneers in advocating education for women. She was involved in the founding of the Wheaton Female Seminary (now Wheaton College ) in 1834 , and two years later founded the Mount Holyoke Female Seminary and was its first president. She was an advocate of a very strict teaching environment and mandated a 16-hour day for students, starting at 5 a.m. and ending at 9:15 p.m. She also believed in the importance of daily exercise for women, and asked her students to walk a mile after breakfast. Although the seminary had no religious affiliation, it required its students to attend church services , prayer meetings and Bible study groups on a daily basis .
1888 until today
Mount Holyoke Female Seminary graduated from college in 1888 and became Mount Holyoke Seminary and College . In 1893 it was renamed Mount Holyoke College . During the Second World War , the college formed an alternative base for the Decades of Pontigny , a Franco-German political and cultural discussion group. Participants in the college included Gustave Cohen , Jean Wahl , Hannah Arendt , Rachel Bespaloff , Marianne Moore , Wallace Stevens , Claude Lévi-Strauss , Roman Jakobson , Marc Chagall , Louise Bourgeois , Stanley Hayter and Robert Motherwell , the circle jokingly became "Pontigny- called en-Amerique ".
There was a long debate about gendered education in college in the early 1970s. On November 6, 1971, the Supervisory Committee decided that Mount Holyoke should remain a women's college.
Collection and art museum
The Mount Holyoke College Art Museum and Skinner Museum have a significant collection of over 17,000 pieces of art and antiques.
- Amy Elizabeth Adams , professor of zoology
- Sven Birkerts , literary critic
- Joseph Brodsky , Professor of Literature, Nobel Prize in Literature 1987
- Emma P. Carr , professor of chemistry
- Emilie Martin , professor of mathematicians
- Peter Viereck , Professor of History
- Thomas E. Wartenberg , Professor of Philosophy
- Lucy Stone (1839, without qualification), suffragette, abolitionist and publicist
- Louise Taft (1845), second wife of Alphonso Taft and the mother of US President William Howard Taft
- Emily Dickinson (1848), poet
- Mary Eleanor Wilkins Freeman (1871), writer
- Minerva Chapman (1875), impressionist painter
- Frances Perkins (1902), 4th United States Secretary of Labor
- Elizabeth Holloway Marston (1915), psychologist, co-creator of the comic book Wonder Woman
- Dorothy Hansine Andersen (1922), pediatrician and pathologist
- Helen Hogg (1926), Canadian astronomer
- Virginia Apgar (1929), surgeon and anesthetist
- Ella T. Grasso (1940), politician and governor of the US state of Connecticut
- Jean E. Sammet (1948), computer scientist
- Jean Taylor (1966), mathematician
- Wendy Wasserstein (1971), playwright
- Elaine Chao (1975), US Secretary of Labor under George W. Bush from 2001 to 2009
- Susan Kare (1975), graphic designer
- Judith Tarr (1976), writer
- Nita Lowey , Politician (US House of Representatives)
- Site of Mount Holyoke College (English)
- Christopher EG Benfey, Karen Remmler: Artists, Intellectuals and World War II: The Pontigny Encounters at Mount Holyoke College 1942-1944. University of Massachusetts Press, 2006 ISBN 9781558495319 , ISBN 1558495304 .
- Mount Holyoke College A Detailed History . Accessed March 12, 2010.
- Collection website (English)