National Council election in Austria 2002
The National Council election on November 24, 2002 was the 22nd in the history of Austria . The clear winner was the ÖVP, which became the party with the largest number of votes for the first time since the National Council election in 1966 . The FPÖ only got a third of the vote compared to the last election. ÖVP and FPÖ together, whose coalition is often referred to as the “black-blue government”, lost easily; The SPÖ and the Greens were able to benefit a little from the FPÖ's loss of votes.
Since the National Council election in 1999, only four parties have been represented in the Austrian National Council. For the first time in the history of the Second Republic there was a coalition government between the FPÖ and the ÖVP, but it was only supposed to last two and a half years for the time being.
Due to the collapse of the FPÖ-ÖVP coalition in autumn 2002 as a result of the extraordinary Knittelfelder FPÖ party congress , new elections had to be held in Austria. Immediately after the party congress, which was directed against the politics of the black-blue coalition, Vice Chancellor Susanne Riess-Passer , Finance Minister Karl-Heinz Grasser , Peter Westenthalers and other liberal ministers and functionaries resigned .
|Candidates||be right||proportion of||Mandates|
|Austrian People's Party (ÖVP)||2,076,833||42.30%||+ 15.39%||+833.161||79||+27|
|Social Democratic Party of Austria (SPÖ)||1,792,499||36.51%||+ 3.36%||+260.051||69||+4|
|Freedom Party of Austria (FPÖ)||491,328||10.01%||−16.9%||−752.759||18th||−34|
|The Greens - The Green Alternative (GREEN)||464.980||9.47%||+ 2.53%||+122,720||17th||+3|
|Liberal Forum (LIF)||48,083||0.98%||−2.67%||−120,529||0||± 0|
|Communist Party of Austria (KPÖ)||27,568||0.56%||+0.08%||+5,552||0||± 0|
|Christian voter community (CWG)||2,009||0.04%||−0.01%||−1.021||0||± 0|
|Socialist Left Party (SLP)||3,906||0.08%||nk||+3,906||0||-|
nk = not running
Results in the federal states
The results in the federal states are listed here.
|Two-thirds majority (from 122 seats)|
|Absolute majority (from 92 seats)|
Chancellor Wolfgang Schüssel and his ÖVP let months pass with so-called preliminary talks with the three other parties after the election. In January 2003 exploratory talks took place with the SPÖ , but these failed because of the opposing views of both parties, as did the coalition negotiations between the ÖVP and the Greens . On February 28, 2003, the ÖVP and FPÖ agreed on a continuation of the black-blue coalition and the Federal Government Schüssel II began its work. The FPÖ had to give up several ministerial posts. In spring 2005 there was a split in the FPÖ, with all its members of the government and leading representatives like Jörg Haider founding the Alliance Future Austria ( BZÖ ) and the ÖVP continuing the coalition with the new party in place of the FPÖ.
- List of members of the Austrian National Council (XXII legislative period)
- National Council election regulations