Nykøbing Sjælland

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Nykøbing Sjælland
Coat of arms of Nykøbing Sjælland
Nykøbing Sjælland (Denmark)
Nykøbing Sjælland
Nykøbing Sjælland
Basic data
State : DenmarkDenmark Denmark
Region : Sjælland
(since 2007) :
Coordinates : 55 ° 55 '  N , 11 ° 40'  E Coordinates: 55 ° 55 '  N , 11 ° 40'  E
Population :
Postal code : 4500
Website: www.odsherred.dk
Church in Nykøbing Sjælland
Church in Nykøbing Sjælland
Template: Infobox location in Denmark / maintenance / area missing
Template: Infobox location in Denmark / maintenance / height is missing
Courthouse from 1868

Nykøbing Sjælland is a small Danish town in the north-west of the island of Zealand . The place is in the municipality of Odsherred on the Isefjord . Nyköbing has a trading port that is only of minor logistical importance. The city has 5095 inhabitants (as of January 1, 2020). In the summer season, life is strongly influenced by the tourists who are guests in the surrounding holiday homes and on the beaches.

name of the city

The origin of the place name "Nykøbing" goes back to the 13th century. The appendix "Sjælland" now serves to distinguish two other Danish cities of the same name, Nykøbing Mors and Nykøbing Falster . In writing, the name of the city is often given as “Nykøbing Sj”. Unlike older cities like Ribe or Viborg Nykobing only joined in 1443 new (ny) to the group of cities with market rights (Købstad) added.

City history and sights

Nykøbing is one of Zealand's oldest towns, the first written mention of it being in the second half of the 13th century. However, the town's church is even older, dating from the first half of the 13th century. In 1290 the city was taken over by the illegitimate noble pirate and former Minister of War ( Marsk ) Stig Andersen Hvide d. Ä. burned down.

In the Middle Ages, Nykøbing lived from fishing for herring. In 1443, Nykøbing was granted town charter because after the herring shoals had disappeared, trade had replaced fishing as the main livelihood. A Latin school was established in the city in 1590, which was replaced by a Danish school in 1740. At that time Nykøbing had 350 inhabitants and was one of the smallest towns in Zealand.

Sights in Nykøbing include the harbor and the Odsherred Museum, a local history museum, and the Sherlock Holmes Museum, which is generally about crime fiction . At the southern entrance to the town is the Nykøbing Zealand water tower, built in 1914 .

Nykøbing Sjælland is the northern terminus of the West Zealand Local Railways (Vestsjællands Lokalbaner), which connect Nykøbing with Holbæk .

sons and daughters of the town

See also

Individual evidence

  1. a b Statistics Banks -> Befolkning og valg -> BY1: Folketal January 1st efter byområde, alder og køn (Danish)
  2. Vikingetid og middel alder 700-1536. Dansk Center for Byhistorie, accessed January 24, 2013 (Danish).

Web links

Commons : Nykøbing Sjælland  - collection of images, videos and audio files