Office of Naval Intelligence

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
United StatesUnited States Office of Naval Intelligence
- ONI -
Final ONI seal.jpg
State level Federal authority
Position of the authority Military intelligence
Supervisory authority (s) US-DefenseIntelligenceAgency-Seal.svg Defense Intelligence Agency , United States NavySeal of the United States Department of the Navy, svg
Consist since 1882
Headquarters NMIC , Suitland , Maryland
Authority management COMONI RADM Samuel J. Cox DCOMONI Michael E. Washull
US-O7 insignia.svg

Employee <3,000

The Office of Naval Intelligence (ONI) ( German about "Office for Naval Intelligence Affairs" ) was founded in 1882 as the intelligence department of the US Navy . It is therefore the oldest intelligence service in the United States that is still operating today . Today the Office of Naval Intelligence is part of the Defense Intelligence Agency of the US Department of Defense .


Its main task is to monitor the naval forces of other nations . All tactical, operational and strategic information about this is brought together at the headquarters in Washington, DC and is evaluated there.

As with all intelligence services of the armed forces, on the one hand it is a matter of knowing exactly the capabilities and weaknesses of enemy weapon systems and associations as well as their tactics and procedures in order to be able to fight the enemy optimally.

On the other hand, it is a matter of precisely tracking the situation and movements of the opposing formations (ships, submarines, aircraft) in order to be able to monitor them at any time (protection against surprise attacks) and, if necessary, to be able to fight them reliably. Information from other intelligence services must flow into these situational images, while findings from the naval intelligence service must be made available to the other intelligence services in order to improve their situational images.


After the end of the Cold War , for example, it became known that the ONI maintained a gigantic network of sonar buoys in all oceans , which enabled a complete picture of the location of the opposing ships at any time. This basic information was closely linked with the findings from the NGO's photo, radar and infrared satellites , the NSA's monitoring systems , the Air Force's reconnaissance and radar aircraft , the large radar systems on the mountains of the coasts of allied states, the numerous large radar systems of their own Fleet and the sensors of its own hunting submarines. In addition, the electronic reconnaissance aircraft and the assigned fighter submarines of the aircraft carrier combat groups once again provided a very dense reconnaissance capacity on site. After the temporary end of the Cold War, the thousands of kilometers of secretly wired network of sonar buoys was abandoned. The means of reconnaissance still include spies in port cities and their administrations.

The ONI suffered a defeat in 2006 when it was discovered that a Chinese Song-class fighter submarine appeared within an American carrier combat group , just 3 miles from the carrier. The Soviet Union had never succeeded, and until then it had been thought impossible for China to have such advanced submarine technology.

Another task is to monitor the development of crime in international waters , especially drug trafficking and marine piracy . In the area of ​​the American coasts, the ONI cooperates with the United States Coast Guard , which provides staff for this purpose at the ONI headquarters .


Note: Until 1911, the chief of the ONI was designated as the chief intelligence officer. ( Current emblem )



  • Wyman H. Packard: A Century of US Naval Intelligence. Office of Naval Intelligence - Naval Historical Center, Washington DC 1996, ISBN 0-945274-25-4 .

Web links

Commons : Office of Naval Intelligence  - collection of images, videos and audio files

See also

Individual evidence

  1. Official name: Commander of the Office of Naval Intelligence
  2. Official name: Deputy Commander of the Office of Naval Intelligence
  3. Jump up ↑ The Washington Times' original report from November 13, 2006
  4. Brief message about the successful penetration of a Chinese submarine into an aircraft carrier combat group
  5. ^ Sue A. Lackey (2005) More Clout , in Sea Power August 2005, online