The term Ogasawara Islands ( Japanese 小 笠原 諸島 Ogasawara-shotō ) is a collective name for all islands and island groups belonging to the municipality ( village , mura ) Ogasawara , the most important and only inhabited being the Bonin Islands ( Ogasawara-guntō ), about 1000 kilometers southeast of the Japanese Main island, Honshu , are. Together with the Izu Islands , they are referred to as the "Southern Islands" ( Nampō-shotō ).
The Ogasawara Islands include two chain of islands and three isolated islands:
- Ogasawara-guntō also "Bonin Islands"
- Kazan-rettō , also "volcanic islands"
- Nishinoshima also includes Rosario Island , an active volcano about 150 kilometers west of Chichi-jima.
- Okinotorishima , the southernmost point of Japan
- Minami-Torishima also includes Marcus Island , the easternmost point of Japan
Geologically, the islands, with the exception of the last two remote ones, belong to the Izu-Bonin-Mariana Islands arch .
Chichi-jima and Haha-jima of the Ogasawara-guntō are the only inhabited islands. Until the Second World War , Muko-jima (Ogasawara-guntō) was also inhabited, as was Kita-Iwojima and Iwojima (both Kazan-rettō). Around 400 soldiers are permanently stationed on Iwojima, but no civilian population. Sugar cane , pineapples , bananas and, on a trial basis, coffee are grown on the islands . There are also precious woods; in particular, cedar, beech, boxwood, rose and sandalwood are exported.
Today the islands are among the most isolated parts of Japan, as they can only be reached by a 24-hour boat trip. The liners leave Tokyo twice a week . The Japanese construction industry and politicians have long been calling for an airport to be built, but the local population is skeptical about it.
- Hyman Kublin: The Bonin Islands, 1543-1875. Harvard University, Cambridge 1947 (PhD thesis)
- Nobuo Muroga: Geographical exploration by the Japanese. In: Herman R. Friis (Ed.): The Pacific Basin. A history of its geographical exploration. New York 1967
- Bernhard Welsch: Was Marcus Island Discovered by Bernardo de la Torre in 1543? In: The Journal of Pacific History. Volume 39, No. 1; Canberra 2004, pp. 109-122.
- UNESCO World Heritage Center: Ogasawara Islands. Retrieved September 6, 2017 .