The Oldenburger Platt includes the Lower Saxon dialects that are spoken in the Oldenburger Land . A distinction is made between three dialects: North Oldenburg in the cities and districts of Oldenburg , Delmenhorst , Ammerland , Wesermarsch and in the southern part of the Friesland district ( Varel and Friesische Wehde ), South Oldenburg in the Oldenburger Münsterland and finally Jeverländer Platt in the northern district of Friesland and in the city of Wilhelmshaven .
North Oldenburger Platt
North Oldenburg is spoken in the area of the former county of Oldenburg . Here the sound level of the old Hanseatic language has been preserved most precisely. Therefore there is an opinion to regard it as the purest North Low Saxon . However, there are still many smaller regional variations in pronunciation (for example: “wi sünd” or “wi sund”, “Keuh” or “Keih” etc.) and in vocabulary.
However, this does not justify any further subdivision.
South Oldenburger Platt
South Oldenburg, on the other hand, differs significantly from North Oldenburg. The Oldenburger Münsterland was separated from the County of Oldenburg by a broad belt of heather and belonged to the diocese of Münster until 1803 . So it is not surprising that the local Platt is a bit like the Westphalian . Vowels are often broken. Instead of the long vowels e , o and ö , two-sounds like ei ( äi ), au and eu ( äu ) are used in many words . Furthermore, one can often find remnants of the old prefix ge in the past participle: “Ik bin satt 'eworen” or “Ik heff gaut' eseten”. It is also noticeable that the ending E has lasted longer than in North Oldenburg. Instead of “Use boys loop in 'e Wisch” it says “Use boys loop in' e Wiske”. Last but not least, there are numerous words in South Oldenburg that cannot be found in North Oldenburg or that are pronounced differently, e.g. B. Durk ('alcove'), Enket ('ink'), Go'ensdag ('Wednesday'), iesk ('ugly'), quatern (' chat ') or misused ('upside down'). The Sater Frisian language spoken in the northwest corner of the Oldenburger Münsterland does not belong to Low German.
- Hermann Böning: Low German Dictionary (for the Oldenburger Land). 1941 (series: Oldenburger Forschungen. Issue 7); 2nd edition, 1970; 3rd edition, 1984; 4th edition, 1998 (edited by Jürgen Lange, Hans-Joachim Mews, Dieter Stellmacher ; series: Oldenburger Forschungen. New series, Volume 7).
- Gerold Meiners:
- Plattdüütsch in sess Weken. A reading and teaching book for beginners and experts . Isensee Verlag, Oldenburg 1997, 2006.
- World literature in Platt . Isensee Verlag, Oldenburg.