Quinta (property)

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The Quinta da Revolta in Porto
The Quinta de Vargellas in the Douro Valley

Quinta is a Portuguese [ ˈkı̃tɐ ] and Spanish [ ˈkinta ] name for a property in a rural area, which is originally and partly still used today for agricultural purposes, but can now also be used for representation or recreational purposes. The Portuguese wine-growing quintas are best known internationally , but other traditional quintas also function as agricultural operations to this day, for example for olive oil , fruit or grain.


The term quinta is mainly used from the north of Portugal to the Setubal Peninsula in the south of Lisbon . Further south, especially in the Alentejo , the term Herdade is more used for agricultural property, which is connected to the widespread large estate that developed there in the 13th century during the last phase of the Reconquista . The quintas in the north usually do not reach comparable dimensions as the Herdades in the south.

Features and historical development

The traditional farms or manors often consisted of walled fields with a wooded area and gardens as well as a house; the house itself is also called a quinta. The term is also used in Spanish . It is originally derived from quinta parte , the "fifth part" of the income that a tenant had to pay to the owner of the farm in the Middle Ages (see tithe ). In South America the term is also used for a simple house with a front yard or on a garden plot (Mexico, Colombia, Venezuela) or for a vegetable garden (Uruguay).

In Portugal, since the Renaissance, many aristocratic estates, under the influence of the Italian country mansions , were increasingly given representative tasks as Quinta de Recreio (from Portuguese recreio , recreation ) and developed into an independent type of partly elaborately designed country houses, such as the Quinta da Bacalhoa in Setúbal . The Quinta de Recreio is an “organized whole of forest, building, garden, orchard and vegetable garden” in which recreation and production share the same space. With the Quinta da Regaleira and the Quinta da Penha Verde are now two of the many surrounding the royal summer residences Sintra National Palace and Pena Palace incurred Quintas as part of the cultural landscape of Sintra to the UNESCO World Heritage .

Web links

Commons : Quintas in Portugal  - Collection of images, videos and audio files


  • Amilcar Gil Pires: A Quinta de Recreio in Portugal: Vilegiatura, Lugar e Arquitectura. Caleidoscópio, Casal de Cambra 2013.
  • Inês Pires Fernandes: A Quinta de Recreio no Concelho de Vila Franca de Xira. (pdf) In: A Casa Nobre: ​​um património para o Futuro. 4th Congresso Internacional, Casa das Artes de Arcos de Valdevez . 27.-29. November 2014 (Portuguese, conference contribution).;

Individual evidence

  1. Quinta. In: Dicionário Priberam da Língua Portuguesa. Retrieved June 14, 2019 (Portuguese).
  2. a b c quinto, ta. In: Diccionario de la lengua española. 2014, archived from the original on June 14, 2019 ; accessed on June 14, 2019 (Spanish, meanings 10, 14, 15).
  3. Quintus - Quinta. Entry in: Johann Christian August Heyse : General German and explanatory foreign dictionary. 10th edition. Hahn, Hanover 1848.
  4. ^ Inês Pires Fernandes: The utopia of paradise in architecture — gardens, countryside, and landscape in Roman and Renaissance villas. In: Utopia (s) - Worlds and Frontiers of the Imaginary: Proceedings of the 2nd International Multidisciplinary Congress. 20.-22. October 2016, Lisbon. CRC Press, Leiden 2017, pp. 41-46, p. 45 (English).
  5. ^ Aurora Carapinha: A Quinta de Recreio. In: Diário de Notícias . April 21, 2008, Retrieved June 14, 2019 (Portuguese).
  6. Sintra Cultural Landscape on the website of the UNESCO World Heritage Center ( English and French ).