Radulfus de Diceto

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Page from Ralph de Diceto's Ymagines Historiarum

Radulfus de Diceto (born probably between 1120 and 1130, † November 22, 1199/1200 or 1202), also called Raoul de Diceto or Ralph de Diceto , was archdeacon of Middlesex and since 1180 dean of St. Paul's Cathedral and author of two chronicles namely the Abbreviationes Chronicorum and the Ymagines Historiarum .

Radulfus de Diceto was first mentioned in 1152. However, neither his parents nor his nationality are known. On the basis of his name it is sometimes assumed that he came from Diss in Norfolk , but his name can also be derived from places in Burgundy or Champagne . As early as 1152 he was referred to as a Magister - he had studied in Paris, where he had met Arnulf von Lisieux . Another patron of Radulf was Gilbert Foliot of Hereford , so Radulfus maintained relationships with two of the most important bishops of this time in the Angevin area .

Ralph Turner describes Radulfus as a semi-official historian of the English royal family because of his access to courtly and official documents. Richard Fitz Nigel , chairman of the Exchequer and, from 1189, Bishop of London, William de Longchamp , the Chancellor Richard I and Walter de Coutances , Archbishop of Rouen , were among the people with whom he had close contact . Radulfus was by no means a propagandist for the royal family, but was one of the authors who wrote largely without judgment about Eleanor of Aquitaine .

His two most important works, the Abbreviationes Chronicorum and the Ymagines Historiarum , cover the history of the world from the birth of Christ to the year 1202. The Abbreviationes Chronicorum , dedicated to Archbishop John of Lyon, end in 1147 and are based entirely on other antiquities and medieval sources . The continuation of Ymagines Historiarum , begun while the Abbreviationes were being written , summarizes writings by Robert von Torigni and letters by Foliot. Radulfus described events from 1172 onwards based on his own knowledge.


  • Radulfi de Diceto Decan Lundoniensis opera historica , ed. by William Stubbs , 2 volumes, (Rerum britannicarum medii aevi scriptores or chronicles and memorials of Great Britain and Ireland during the middle ages, vol. 68.1 and vol. 68.2), reprint of the edition London 1876, New York 1965.
  • Ymagines Historiarum , ed. by William Stubbs: The Historical Works of Ralph of Diss , in: Rolls Series 68.1 (London, 1876)


  • Jan Prelog: Radulfus de Diceto . In: Lexicon of the Middle Ages (LexMA). Volume 7, LexMA-Verlag, Munich 1995, ISBN 3-7608-8907-7 , Sp. 393.
  • Georg Goetz (ed.): Trogus and Gellius at Radulfus de Diceto. From the estate of G. Gundermann (reports on the negotiations of the Saxon Academy of Sciences, Philological-Historical Class, vol. 78,2), Leipzig 1926.
  • Max Manitius : History of Latin Literature in the Middle Ages . Third part (volume) with Paul Lehmann's participation: From the outbreak of the church dispute to the end of the twelfth century . Munich 1931, pp. 637–649 ( HdAW 9.2.3) ( Radulfus de Diceto )
  • Ralph V. Turner: Eleanor of Aquitaine - Queen of the Middle Ages. CH Beck, Munich 2012, ISBN 978-3-406-63199-3 .

Web links


  1. Prelog has 1199/1200, Manitius "probably ... 1202". These different dates can be explained by the fact that the capitula at the beginning of the Ymagines extend to 1198, the actual description, however, to 1202; see. Manitius p. 638 with note 9.
  2. Ralph V. Turner: Eleanor of Aquitaine - Queen of the Middle Ages. Munich 2012, p. 13.