|Geographic location :|
|Postal code :||05-090|
|Telephone code :||(+48) 22|
|License plate :||WPR|
|Economy and Transport|
E 77 Radom - Warsaw
E 67 Wroclaw - Warsaw
|Next international airport :||Warsaw|
(Jun. 30, 2019)
|Population density :||496 inhabitants / km²|
|Community number ( GUS ):||1421062|
|Administration (as of 2007)|
|Community leader :||Janusz Rajkowski|
|Address:||ul. Szkolna 2 A
Raszyn [ ˈraʃɨn ] is a village and seat of a rural parish in Poland five kilometers southwest of Warsaw . It has about 6,800 inhabitants and belongs to the Pruszkowski powiat in the Masovian Voivodeship . On April 19, 1809, during the Austrian campaign against the Duchy of Warsaw in the Battle of Raszyn , Polish troops tried in vain to prevent the conquest of Warsaw.
Radio system at Łazy
In the vicinity of Raszyn, not far from the village of Łazy, there is the long wave transmitter Raszyn of the Polish radio . This station was first put into operation in 1931, served the Großdeutscher Rundfunk as a 120 kW long wave transmitter "Warsaw I" (224 kHz) and was destroyed at the end of the war. The second antenna mast completed in 1949 (geographic coordinates: ) with a height of 335 meters was the tallest structure in Europe until 1962. However, the title came back to Poland in 1974 when the significantly larger and, for present-day Poland, more central radio mast, Radio Warsaw , was completed in Konstantynów , around 150 km to the north .
Initially, the Raszyn station was the central long-wave station for Polish radio before handing over the first program to the new station in Konstantynów. From 1974 to 1978 the system only served as a reserve transmitter. Since 1978, the Raszyn broadcaster has broadcast the second long-wave program of Polish radio during the daytime on the frequency of 198 kHz. This use was temporarily postponed between 1991 and 1999, marked by the unexpected collapse of the transmission tower in Konstantynów and the commissioning of the long-wave transmitter in Solec Kujawski ( Schulitz ), due to the renewed need for reliable and extensive broadcasting of the first Polish radio program. A parallel operation of both programs on the same mast would only have been possible with various compromises and additional effort.
The rural community ( gmina wiejska ) Raszyn covers an area of 43 km² with 19,900 inhabitants. These include the following localities:
- Falenty (with his palace )
- Falenty Duże
- Nowe Falenty
- Stary Sękocin
- Magdalena Abakanowicz (1930–2017), sculptor and textile artist
- population. Size and Structure by Territorial Division. As of June 30, 2019. Główny Urząd Statystyczny (GUS) (PDF files; 0.99 MiB), accessed December 24, 2019 .