Ribon ( Japanese り ぼ ん ) is a Japanese manga magazine that has existed since 1955 and is published on the 3rd of each month by the Shūeisha publishing house. The short stories and individual chapters of several longer manga series that appear in the magazine are aimed at girls of elementary and middle school age and can therefore be assigned to the Shōjo genre.
The magazine first appeared in August 1955 as a sister magazine to Shōjo Book , making it the first pure manga magazine for a female readership after Nakayoshi . Manga artists such as Jirō Tsunoda , Leiji Matsumoto and Osamu Tezuka , but also Toshiko Ueda and Miyako Maki , one of the first successful female manga artists, created works for Ribon in the 1950s and 1960s . Early magical girl manga appeared in the 1960s, such as Fujio Akatsuka's Himitsu no Akko-chan from 1962 to 1965 and Mitsuteru Yokoyama's Mahōtsukai Sally from 1966 to 1967 . Both were successfully implemented as anime .
In the early 1970s, Ryōko Yamagishi's ballet manga Arabesque was published and Yukari Ichijō began drawing for the magazine. From 1982 onwards, it published its crime and action manga Yūkan Club , which only ended after more than 3,000 pages in 2002 and, like Momoko Sakura's Chibi Maruko-chan and Koi Ikenos Tokimeki Tonight , was very well received in Japan and became a commercial success. The thirty anthologies by Tokimeki Tonight sold around 28 million copies, and the fifteen volumes by Chibi Maruko-chan sold over 31 million copies.
While the circulation of an edition of Ribon in 1980 was 1.5 million, it rose to 2.3 million by 1990 and peaked from 1991 to 1994 with a circulation of 2.4 million. At that time, Ai Yazawa Tenshi published Nanka ja nai and Gokinjo Monogatari , Megumi Mizusawa Hime-chan no Ribon . In 1992, Wataru Yoshizumi started with Marmalade Boy about a girl whose parents are divorcing and who then has to live with her new stepbrother and her parents' new partners. Between 1994 and 1999 appeared Kodocha of Miho Obana , which - like Marmalade Boy - was filmed in an anime TV series. In Kodocha it comes to a basic student who as a child star appearing on television and in movies and problems with a naughty classmates has the all boys class incites against the girls and teachers.
From 1995 onwards the circulation fell sharply. In 2000 it was around 1.3 million, in 2005 an edition sold an average of 537,000 copies and in 2006 only 400,000 copies. In the early 2000s, Arina Tanemura with Kamikaze Kaito Jeanne and Fullmoon where Sagashite , Mihona Fujii with Gals! and Yōko Maki with Aishiteruze Baby among the most successful illustrators of the Ribon . In addition to the comedy manga Animal Yokochō , Tanemura's Shinshi Doumei Cross and Maki's Taranta Ranta are currently being published in the magazine .
In addition to the Nakayoshi published by Kōdansha , Ciao des Shōgakukan- Verlag is also aimed at a similar target group. Like the two mentioned magazines, the Ribon always comes with certain extras with motifs from the published mangas. The edited volumes of these comic series are published under the Ribon Comics label . This label also includes the mangas from the sister magazine Cookie , in which Ai Yazawa's Nana is currently published.
- Official Website (Japanese)
- Jason Thompson: Manga. The Complete Guide . Del Rey, New York 2007, ISBN 978-0-345-48590-8 , p. 335. (English)
- Historic Shoujo Manga Circulation Numbers , ComiPress, May 24, 2006
- Editions of Shōjo magazines from 1979 to 2000 '( Memento from December 27, 2007 in the Internet Archive )
- J-Magazine.or.jp ( Memento from February 22, 2007 in the Internet Archive ).