Roger Ducos

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Roger Ducos

Count Pierre Roger Ducos (born July 25, 1747 in Dax , † March 17, 1816 in the Ulm area ) was a French statesman.

The son of a civil notary and civil servant worked as a lawyer at the outbreak of the revolution , was president of the criminal tribunal in 1791, and in 1792 a member of the National Convention , where he stood for the death of Louis XVI. voted, and in 1794 president of the Jacobin Club .

He then made himself known under the Directory as a zealous defender of the republic against the activities of the royalists and in particular in the coup d'état of the 18th Fructidor V (4th Sept. 1797) when the deportation decrees were drawn up as chairman of the council of the ancients .

He then retired to his homeland until 1799 Barras appointed him to the board of directors with Merlin de Douai . After the coup d'état of 18 Brumaire , he and Napoleon Bonaparte and Emmanuel Joseph Sieyès , whose instrument he was, became a member of the provisional consulate , then vice-president of the senate, and in 1808 Napoleon was raised to the rank of count and after his return in 1815 to peer of France . In 1803 Napoleon gave him Amboise Castle , where Duclos had various buildings laid down, including the Romanesque collegiate church with Leonardo da Vinci's grave (1807), which has since disappeared , because it "blocked his view".

Outlawed as a regicide after the second restoration, he fled to Germany and died in March 1816 in the Ulm area when his car fell.

Individual evidence

  1. Guillaume Morel: You déclin au renouveau. In: F. Morel: Château royal dʼAmboise. 2015, p. 28.