Rudolf Sendig

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Rudolf Sendig around 1905 on a photograph by Nicola Perscheid .
Rudolf Sendig, memorial stone near Bad Schandau
Free-standing electric passenger elevator, technical monument, created by Rudolf Sendig

Rudolf Sendig (born January 7, 1848 in Breslau , † January 28, 1928 in Bad Schandau ; full name: Emil Friedrich Rudolf Sendig ) was a German hotelier , city councilor and honorary citizen of Bad Schandau in Saxon Switzerland .


His father came from an old Dresden merchant family. He was married to Anna Lucile Dorn (* August 22, 1850; † October 5, 1927), whom he married on February 11, 1879 in the Catholic Court Church in Dresden.

In 1871 Rudolf Sendig came to Schandau for the first time, first he worked as a cook in the hotel “Forsthaus” and later in the hotel “Deutsches Haus”. In 1876 he set up the "Villa Königin Carola" as a lodging house. In 1880 "Villa Quisisana" was built in the style of the Italian Renaissance according to plans by the Dresden architect Christian Friedrich Arnold by master carpenter Porsche and master builder Berndt from Schandau.

In 1882, Rudolf Sendig leased the newly built Kurhaus for 10 years and began to create a park , the so-called Sendigpark, according to plans by the horticultural engineer Bertram from Dresden . A monument to King Albert was inaugurated here in 1883 , created by the sculptor Johann Friedrich Heynert (1857–1888), who moved from Dresden to Schandau . The porticus and the foyer in Sendigpark were built later.

On January 23, 1884, Sendig was admitted to an audience with the Russian Tsarina Dagmar in St. Petersburg. As a result, on July 2, 1884 , the "Russian Villa", built according to plans by Christian Friedrich Arnold, also in the style of the Italian Renaissance with loggias , was opened as an officer's spa. The Catholic Church of Bad Schandau has been located here since 1927, and has since been called "Villa Rudolf".

In 1886, Rudolf Sendig acquired the "Villa Lucia", which is adjacent to the "Villa Quisisana" to the east. In the following year he converted the Sendig'schen Etablissements into the stock corporation "United Hotels Sendig - Schandau", in which he acted as a board member. With the capital obtained in this way, he had the “royal villa” built in 1887/1888 by master builder Sänger from Schandau according to plans by the architects Oswald Haenel and Drechsler from Dresden. To secure further construction measures (e.g. removal of dilapidated and unsightly houses, erection of colonnades with sales facilities like in other seaside resorts) he founded the Schandauer Bauverein in 1888. So in 1888 the colonnade or millionaire house with sales facilities and six building association houses were built.

In 1891, Rudolf Sendig took over the “Europäische Hof” hotel in Dresden. As a result, the focus of his entrepreneurial activities shifted to Dresden, where in 1895 he founded the Europäische Hof AG as an operating company, which eventually also took over the Sendig houses in Schandau and other locations.

On May 9, 1896, on the 25th anniversary of his work in Bad Schandau, he gave the town the Sendigbrunnen . As a result, the old Postelwitzer Strasse was renamed Rudolf-Sendig-Strasse and he was made an honorary citizen of the city of Bad Schandau. After 1903, a villa colony in the country house style was built on the Ostrauer Scheibe in Ostrau made of prefabricated parts from the Witt company in Osterwieck ( Harz ). Sendig herself called them "my lovely country houses" . He then had this accessible with an electric passenger elevator from Schandau. Sendig bought more land in Ostrau and planned a "world sports field" and an airship port . Shortly before the outbreak of World War I , these plans failed.

In 1921, at the age of 73, after 58 years in the hotel industry, Sendig wrote two previously published papers on the memory book “In the Hotel. Discrete Indiscretion. ” Together. He called it “a kind of happy legacy” , a cultural and historical testimony written with great skill for advertising.

Sendig died in Bad Schandau in 1928 at the age of 80. His grave is on the Trinitatisfriedhof in Dresden-Johannstadt.


  • Tip. Proposals. 2nd edition, Vorrupp-Verlag A. Jenssen, Hamburg 1916. (= Vorrupp leaflet , No. 37.)
  • His neglected mistress. Serious and cheerful things from Schandau's past. (Foreword by Alexander O. Weber) o. O. 1918.
  • At the hotel. Discreet indiscretion. Bad Schandau / Berlin 1921. (several editions, possibly with varying titles)

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Heynert, Johann Friedrich . In: Hans Vollmer (Hrsg.): General lexicon of fine artists from antiquity to the present . Founded by Ulrich Thieme and Felix Becker . tape 17 : Heubel – Hubard . EA Seemann, Leipzig 1924, p. 39 .
  2. ^ Handbook of German stock corporations . 30th edition 1925, Volume II, p. 3719 f.
  3. Katrin Koritz: castles in the air in Saxon Switzerland. Stories and walks to the locations of spectacular construction projects. Dresden 2008, ISBN 978-3-938325-56-8 .