Rounding (phonetics)

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The articles rounding (phonetics) and labialization overlap thematically. Help me to better differentiate or merge the articles (→  instructions ) . To do this, take part in the relevant redundancy discussion . Please remove this module only after the redundancy has been completely processed and do not forget to include the relevant entry on the redundancy discussion page{{ Done | 1 = ~~~~}}to mark. Gestumblindi 12:47 a.m., Jul 24, 2015 (CEST)
  front   central   back
Blank vowel trapezoid.svg
i  •  y
ɨ  •  ʉ
ɯ  •  u
ɪ  •  ʏ
e  •  ø
ɘ  •  ɵ
ɤ  •  o
ɛ  •  œ
ɜ  •  ɞ
ʌ  •  ɔ
a  •  ɶ
ɑ  •  ɒ
 almost closed
 half closed
 half open
 almost open
For pairs of symbols (u • g) the left symbol stands for the
unrounded vowel, the right symbol for the rounded vowel.
IPA mark ◌̹
IPA number 411
IPA character description below left open semicircle
Unicode U + 0339
HTML (dec.) & # 825;
IPA mark ◌̜
IPA number 412
IPA character description lower right open semicircle
Unicode U + 031C
HTML (dec.) & # 796;

In phonetics , rounding refers to the strength of the rounding of the lips during the articulation of a vowel . This is a vocal labialization . The opposite of the rounding is the spread . When a rounded vowel is pronounced, the lips form a circular opening, while unrounded vowels are pronounced with relaxed lips.

In most languages, leading vowels tend to be splayed and trailing ones to be rounded. But some languages ​​such as German and French differentiate between rounded and spread front tongue vowels of the same vowel height (e.g. [ɛ] and [œ] in know and can ) and Vietnamese distinguishes between rounded and spread back tongue vowels .

Rounded consonants are called labialized .

In the vocal Table of International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA), the rounded vowels of each pair on the right side. There are also two diacritics to indicate a stronger and weaker rounding, namely the IPA characters 412 ( Unicode COMBINING RIGHT HALF RING BELOW U + 0339) for stronger rounding and 413 (Unicode COMBINING LEFT HALF RING BELOW U + 031C) for weaker ones Rounding, e.g. B. [ɔ̹] and [ɔ̜] for the sound [ɔ]. The diacritics are sometimes used with consonants for the degree of labialization. For example, in the Athapaskan language Hupa , voiceless velar fricatives are distinguished between three levels of labialization, transcribed either as [x x̹ xʷ] or [x x̜ʷ xʷ]. The extended IPA has two additional symbols for the degree of rounding: [ə͍] and [ʒ œ ].

See also


Web links

Wiktionary: rounding  - explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations