Tusculum Collection

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Dust jacket of a volume from the collection (1959)

The Tusculum Collection (originally Tuskulum Books , then Tusculum Books (ei) ) is the most renowned series of bilingual editions of Greek and Latin literature in the entire German-speaking area. It was founded in 1923 by Ernst Heimeran . It is named after the former town of Tusculum in Latium , where, among other things, Cicero owned a villa in which he wrote the so-called Tusculans, a Latin introduction to Greek philosophy, in the first phase of a retreat from politics. The Tusculum collection was published by Artemis & Winkler Verlag until July 2011 , then by 2013Akademie Verlag and today at Verlag De Gruyter .

The series was created at the suggestion of Ernst Heimeran's history teacher Franz Burger , who also looked after the earliest titles following older editions and translations. Obviously based on the Loeb Classical Library , which has been running since 1912 , it has been aimed at a wide audience since it first appeared. In addition to the fact of the accompanying translation, this is expressed above all in the fact that no text was constituted; rather, a common text output is used as a rule. A brief text-critical appendix is ​​added to this reference text , in which deviations are listed and in some cases justified. The popular orientation of the series is also evident in the design of the covers, which Ernst Penzoldt, a friend of Heimeran, obtained. The Art of Love of Ovid was also published as a parchment ribbon special edition in 200 copies.

Despite the goal of popularity and despite the start with the lyrical work of Horace , the Tiberius books of the Annals of Tacitus (in 2 volumes) and the Art of Love by Ovid , the collection went beyond the well-known school authors from the very beginning. The tragedy The Persians of Aeschylus was published as the fifth work and first Greek title in 1925 , followed by short texts by Plutarch and Lucian . The new edition and translation of Lucretius , which Hermann Diels was able to complete shortly before his death, was also released under license. In 1926 an edition of Heraclitus by Bruno Snell appeared , which in 2007 reached a 14th edition. The editions are usually between 2000 and 4000 copies, but a large number of titles have been published several times.

The series was resumed immediately after the war. The spectrum had expanded considerably earlier. This was consistently continued up to the Complete Edition of Livy and the Naturalis Historia of Pliny and, in the Greek area, to editions of the early poetry, the Anthologia Graeca and Prokop . Of these, the editions of the poetry ( Max Treu ) and the anthology ( Hermann Beckby ) have acquired independent scientific rank. The Petron edition by Konrad Müller also found wider distribution only here.

This scientifically oriented tradition was recently followed up with a renewed publication of Sappho's poems (by A. Bagordo ) and the publication of a three-volume series of pre - Socratics (L. Gemelli). In doing so, they did not hesitate to deviate from the series typical in the interests of better handling of the volumes. For example, in order to be able to maintain a better overview of the individual fragments of Sapphos, it was decided to abandon the opposite arrangement of the original text and translation in this volume. The Greek text is followed by the German text and a factual explanation - with no German (fictitious) additions to the incomplete text (such as the translation by Treu).

Individual out-of-print titles are now fetching high prices in the antiquarian bookshop, such as the two Philostratos titles (Eikones and Apollonius), the six-volume Euripides complete edition, the aforementioned Anthologia graeca and, in particular, the Alexander work by Arrian .

The typical Tusculum typeface on the dust jackets and bindings, inspired by ancient inscriptions, was replaced by normal capitals at the beginning of the 2000s. With the autumn 2009 program, Artemis & Winkler changed the exterior of the Tusculum series again. The original design of the dust jackets has been modified. In the case of the new volumes in the series that are now being published by De Gruyter, these changes have been reversed and the continuity of the series has been restored. Out of stock Tusculum titles have been available again since 2014 as print-on-demand books in lower binding, binding and print quality using the original dust jacket as the cover motif. All the original Tusculum volumes had a canvas cover with an embossed label on the spine and were thread-stitched. The paper quality varied during the long period of publication of the books and in the meantime (around the 1980s) it was also not in line with the price and demands of the Tusculum Collection.

In 2011 De Gruyter published a new series of particularly popular ancient texts under the name Tusculinum Collection .

Furthermore, a series with little extensive secondary literature was published earlier ( Tusculum-Schriften , 38 titles of a more introductory-popular nature 1924 to 1935; second series with 15 titles of scientific claim 1967 to 1978). Of individual works from the context of the Tusculum Collection, the Tusculum Lexicon of Greek and Latin Literature should also be mentioned, an author's lexicon that was originally created by Eduard Stemplinger , but was only revised by Wolfgang Buchwald , Armin Hohlweg and Otto Prinz 1963 and especially 1982 achieved a high reputation. This volume is now out of print.

See also

Individual evidence

  1. http://www.oldenbourg-verlag.de/akademie-verlag/sammlung-tusculum-ab-juli-2011-im-akademie-verlag
  2. ^ So Saltzwedel, p. 3; The information on Penzoldt and all statistical data are based on his list.
  3. A note by Heimeran on the new beginning in 1947 shows Saltzwedel to 152.2.
  4. Tusculum Lexicon of Greek and Latin Authors of Antiquity and the Middle Ages. Completely revised (2nd) edition by Wolfgang Buchwald, Armin Hohlweg and Otto Prinz. Munich 1963; Reprinted Reinbek near Hamburg 1974.

Web links