San Lorenzo in Panisperna
San Lorenzo in Panisperna is a Roman Catholic monastery , title and station church on Via Panisperna in Rome . Older times it was known as San Lorenzo in Formoso . She was born on the Square of the Martyrdom of St. Laurentius erected. It is one of several churches in Rome that are dedicated to him.
Panisperna is said to refer to the tradition of the Poor Clares of the adjacent monastery, bread and ham, in Latin panis et perna , on August 10th, the feast of St. Laurentius , in memory of the distribution of the Church's funds to distribute to the poor. The previous name in Formoso referred either to Pope Formosus , who is said to have had the church built in this place, or to the word farmosus , which means "beautiful".
According to tradition, the first church was built around 100 years after the martyrdom of St. Laurentius built by Emperor Constantine the Great on the Viminalhügel . In the fifth century the church was one of the station churches of Rome. The first reference to the church was in the Liber Pontificalis of Pope Hadrian I (772-795) , where it appears in one of the churches that have been renovated. The first written evidence of a church at this point comes from 1300, when Pope Boniface VIII added an abbey to it. In 1451 Benedictines took over the abbey . They later handed the abbey over to the Poor Clares. In February 1872 the monastery was confiscated by the Italian government, but after efforts by Cardinal Jacopo Colonna, the church and abbey were restored in 1896. Franciscans currently lead pastoral care.
The current church is the result of the rebuilding by Carlo Rainaldi in the years 1575–1576 or 1565–1574 under Pope Gregory XIII. The reconstruction was supported by Cardinal Guglielmo Sirleto . At that time it was nicknamed Panisperna . The old church was a basilica and the new building was a simple church interior with a choir behind the high altar. A more splendid building was not necessary due to the Poor Clares' examination . A new, outer portico was added in the 17th century and restored in 1893–1894 and decorated with images of St. Laurentius and St. Francis decorated.
In the church, St. Birgitta often prayed in front of a crucifix made by Giuseppe Montesanti (1757). After her death in 1373, her body was also laid out in the church before it was transported to Vadstena . Today a side altar commemorates the saint.