A template (from French échantillon ) is a cut-out pattern for making or working on things of the same shape. Stencils are made of wood , plastic, sheet metal , fabric or cardboard , either cut out at the edge so that the surface of an object can then be worked on ( e.g. cornices ), or with incised contours of decorations, so that the latter can then be applied to a surface to be able to transfer.
The word template can also be used in a figurative sense as a term and is often synonymous with scheme , rule or cliché .
Shape or curve templates are often used for technical drawings or other graphic pattern transfers, such as parabolic templates or templates for sine functions for the clear representation of complex function graphs . Templates can also have a ruler edge and are then a combination tool. Stencils for technical drawing are usually made of one to two millimeters thick, transparent yellow-orange (or sometimes green) plastic and have ink nubs or ink edges on one surface, which are intended to prevent ink from the ink pen capillary between the paper by keeping the underside of the template from the paper and template flows in.
In the field of street art stencils ( stencils ) commonly used to complex and detailed designs to spray with low cost and risk.
Font templates for labeling drawings with standard fonts are moved sideways on a fixed ruler in order to place the appropriate letters. Box writing, on the other hand, is made from individual letter stencils - often made of sheet metal, with a handle bar - and painted with color. Letter stencils for painting over or spraying have small bars to fix the inside, for example with the letters A, B, D, O, P, Q and R or with the numbers 0, 6, 8 and 9. After the paint has been applied, these connecting bars must be marked with a small brushes can be painted over so that one does not recognize that a stencil has been used. This post-processing is often forgotten. However, there are also their own fonts , such as the stencil from Linotype that address exactly this typical look of stenciled lettering.
In the field of chemistry, appropriate drawing templates are used (nowadays in decreasing numbers, but to a large extent before digitization) in order to draw test and experimental set-ups as well as organic structural formulas cleanly and reproducibly and with correct bonding angles . These drawings are used for documentation purposes as well as planning sketches in laboratory journals and were previously used in regular scientific publications and patents. In particular, when creating drawings of complex structures in the Newman projection , the effort could be significantly simplified.
Stencils are also used in natural nail extensions , they replace the tip . The model is applied directly to the nail with the help of the template.
In multiple choice - testing , for example of the questionnaires in driving tests , solution templates are used to facilitate the evaluation: you put the template on the test sheet. The correct answers should appear in the windows of the template and you just have to count how many crosses appear.
The plasterer uses profile templates to produce straight or regularly curved stucco profiles.
Templates are often used to measure profiles, contours or distances. For example the thread gauge for measuring pitches and profiles on screw threads.