Scientific Linux 7.0 (Nitrogen)
|developer||Fermilab and CERN|
|License (s)||GPL ( Free Software )|
|Current version||7.8 (April 20, 2020)|
GNU / Linux
↳ Red Hat Linux
↳ Scientific Linux
|Architecture (s)||IA-32 , AMD64|
Scientific Linux ( SL ) is a Linux distribution based on the distribution Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL) the company Red Hat is based and to this binary compatible is. Distribution is mainly being further developed by developers at Fermilab , CERN , ETH Zurich and DESY .
The commercial Linux distribution RHEL can only be purchased in connection with support contracts . However, Red Hat provides all source packages from RHEL in the network in order to meet the requirements of various licenses for free software - contained in RHEL - and thus makes it possible to develop a Linux distribution that is binary compatible with RHEL on this basis. With its binary compatibility, Scientific Linux enables computers with a RHEL-compatible Linux distribution to be used without having to sign a support contract with Red Hat. In addition to financial savings, there is also the advantage that all software that is offered for RHEL can be used directly and without restrictions under Scientific Linux.
Scientific Linux's goal
Scientific Linux was created in the environment of various research laboratories and universities and was created to meet the various requirements of these institutions:
- Not every institute and laboratory has to create its own distribution - bundling efforts avoids multiple work.
- A common distribution provides all researchers with a common installation base for various experiments.
- The compatibility with RHEL ensures that even enterprise Linux software, which is often only available for RHEL, runs smoothly on Scientific Linux.
- The simple adaptability of the distribution makes it possible for institutions or laboratories to publish a visually adapted variant of the distribution without restricting the other goals.
- Scientific Linux is expanded to include software that is often necessary or practical in science in order to meet the software requirements of scientific institutions.
Enterprise operating system
Scientific Linux is binary compatible with RHEL and is therefore also an enterprise operating system , i.e. an operating system that is geared towards the needs of large companies and government organizations. As an enterprise operating system, it is therefore designed for stability and long maintenance cycles. Scientific Linux can be used for ten years without having to migrate packages or software versions , which is why it is suitable for commercial use. Large software houses such as Oracle or SAP offer certificates for RHEL , which guarantee that their software works without any problems on RHEL, which also applies to large server manufacturers. Enterprise operating systems are therefore mostly found on workstations and servers where extremely stable operation is required (e.g. science , research , stock exchange , military or space travel ). In contrast to RHEL, most software and hardware manufacturers neither provide certificates nor support for Scientific Linux. Due to the binary compatibility with RHEL, however, it can often benefit directly from the requirements that are created for RHEL.
History of Scientific Linux
Scientific Linux was created in the environment of various universities and research institutes such as CERN and Fermilab. At the beginning it was based on the Linux distribution "Fermi Linux LTS 3.0.1" (code name " Feynman "), which had been expanded to include a few programs and updates. After that, however, a decision was made to use the sources from RHEL in order to become binary compatible with this Linux distribution, since most enterprise Linux software is offered for RHEL.
End of development
In April 2019 it was announced that no further versions of Scientific Linux would be developed, but instead that CentOS would be used in the future ; the resources freed up as a result benefit this project. The support for Scientific Linux 6 and 7 is to be continued until the intended end.
Areas of application
|version||Code name||RHEL version||Linux kernel version||publication||Support until
|Older version; no longer supported: 3.0.1||lithium||3.1||2.4.9||May 10, 2004||July 20, 2006||October 31, 2010|
|Older version; no longer supported: 3.0.9||3.9||October 12, 2007|
|Older version; no longer supported: 4.0||beryllium||4.0||2.6.9||March 1, 2005||March 31, 2009||February 29, 2012|
|Older version; no longer supported: 4.9||4.9||March 21, 2011|
|Older version; no longer supported: 5.0||Boron||5.0||2.6.18||May 14, 2007||March 31, 2017||November 30, 2020|
|Older version; no longer supported: 5.1||5.1||January 16, 2008|
|Older version; no longer supported: 5.2||5.2||June 26, 2008|
|Older version; no longer supported: 5.3||5.3||March 19, 2009|
|Older version; no longer supported: 5.4||5.4||November 4, 2009|
|Older version; no longer supported: 5.5||5.5||May 19, 2010|
|Older version; no longer supported: 5.6||5.6||June 21, 2011|
|Older version; no longer supported: 5.7||5.7||September 14, 2011|
|Older version; no longer supported: 5.8||5.8||April 24, 2012|
|Older version; no longer supported: 5.9||5.9||5th February 2013|
|Older version; still supported: 5.10||5.10||11th. November.2013|
|Current version: 5.11||5.11||4th November 2014|
|Older version; no longer supported: 6.0||Carbon||6.0||2.6.32||March 3, 2011||November 30, 2020||The date is
expected to be at the end of 2023
|Older version; no longer supported: 6.1||6.1||July 28, 2011|
|Older version; no longer supported: 6.2||6.2||February 16, 2012|
|Older version; no longer supported: 6.3||6.3||August 8, 2012|
|Older version; no longer supported: 6.4||6.4||March 28, 2013|
|Older version; no longer supported: 6.5||6.5||December 12th 2013|
|Older version; no longer supported: 6.6||6.6||November 12, 2014|
|Older version; no longer supported: 6.7||6.7||11th August 2015|
|Older version; no longer supported: 6.8||6.8||July 7, 2016|
|Older version; still supported: 6.9||6.9||17th April 2017|
|Current version: 6.10||6.10||July 10, 2018|
|Older version; no longer supported: 7.0||Nitrogen||7.0||3.10.0||October 13, 2014||June 30, 2024||The date is
expected to be in mid-2027
|Older version; no longer supported: 7.1||7.1||April 13, 2015|
|Older version; no longer supported: 7.2||7.2||5th February 2016|
|Older version; no longer supported: 7.3||7.3||January 25, 2017|
|Older version; no longer supported: 7.4||7.4||2nd October 2017|
|Older version; no longer supported: 7.5||7.5||May 10, 2018|
|Older version; no longer supported: 7.6||7.6||3rd December 2018|
|Older version; still supported: 7.7||7.7||26th August 2019|
|Current version: 7.8||7.8||April 20, 2020|
- Scientific Linux Homepage (English)
- Scientific Linux Live CD / DVD (English)
- scientificlinuxforum.org (English)
- Patrick Riehecky: SL 7.8 x86_64 is now available. In: Scientific Linux Mailing List. April 20, 2020, accessed on August 10, 2020 .
- Who Makes Scientific Linux? Retrieved August 4, 2016 .
- Scientific Linux - The Experiment that worked (PDF). (PDF; 344 kB) (No longer available online.) Archived from the original on December 3, 2012 ; accessed on May 19, 2011 (English).
- Independent History. (No longer available online.) Archived from the original on August 12, 2014 ; accessed on May 19, 2011 (English): "Scientific Linux's History"
- The end of Scientific Linux
- Research Linux: No Scientific Linux 8. Heise, accessed on April 23, 2019 .
- Space station ISS is increasingly relying on Linux. Heise Online, accessed on May 27, 2013 .
- Red Hat Enterprise Linux Life Cycle. Red Hat Inc., accessed October 2, 2015 .
- Scientific Linux 5.11 Release Notes. (No longer available online.) Fermilab and CERN, November 13, 2014, archived from the original on March 4, 2016 ; accessed on October 2, 2015 .
- Scientific Linux 6.7. Release Notes. (No longer available online.) Fermilab and CERN, August 11, 2015, archived from the original on September 28, 2015 ; accessed on August 26, 2015 .
- Scientific Linux 6.8. Release Notes. Fermilab and CERN, July 7, 2016, accessed on July 19, 2016 .
- Scientific Linux 6.9. Release Notes. Fermilab and CERN, April 17, 2017, accessed on April 18, 2017 .
- Scientific Linux 7.1 Release Notes. Fermilab and CERN, April 3, 2015, accessed October 2, 2015 .
- Pat Riehecky: Scientific Linux 7.2 x86_64 official release. Fermilab, February 5, 2016, accessed February 7, 2016 .
- Scientific Linux 7.3 x86_64 is officially released , announcement by Pat Riehecky
- Scientific Linux 7.4 Release Notes , Scientific Linux Team (English)
- Pat Riehecky, Scientific Linux 7.7 now released , Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (English)