Woodpecker Tintling ( Coprinopsis picacea )
|( Bull .: Fr. ) Gray|
The hat is initially egg-shaped, reaching a width of 7 cm. Later it opens up and takes on a bell shape that is up to 8 cm wide. The hat is serrated and colored white on very young mushrooms. It breaks open with increasing age, so that the beige to dark brown background emerges. White, grayish to off-white residue velum stick flaked on the hat, giving the appearance of a woodpecker or magpie plumage arises. With age, the brim of the hat rolls up and dissolves. The lamellae are very dense and are initially greyish-white, then pink to gray in color. Eventually they melt, dripping and black. The stalk is whitish and 12–20 (–30) cm long and 6–15 mm thick. It is hollow and not very stable, slightly tapered towards the top and covered with scales or fine fibers that form a snake towards the base . The meat is whitish, fibrous, watery consistency and sometimes has an unpleasant smell of moth powder. The taste is also unpleasant.
In the young stage, before the cap skin has broken open, the woodpecker tintling resembles the young crested tintling ( Coprinus comatus ).
In addition, there is a miniature version of the woodpecker tintling, the small spore or small woodpecker tintling ( Coprinopsis stangliana ). The fungus, however, has significantly smaller fruiting bodies and primarily colonizes dry, often heavily sunlit open grass locations on limestone soils and only rarely occurs in dry places in mixed deciduous forests. Microscopically, the species also differs in its smaller spore dimensions.
Ecology and phenology
The woodpecker tintling occurs mainly in mesophilic beech forests . In addition, it can be found in warm oak and oak-hornbeam forests . The fungus lives as a saprobiont on base-rich, rarely neutral loam soils and rendzinen. These are shallow and weakly humic. The woodpecker ink is a lime hand.
The woodpecker tintling is a relatively rare fungus that can be found from August to October, and occasionally in November. He usually appears late.
The woodpecker tintling is common in Europe and Australia. In Europe, the area extends from Great Britain and France in the west to Poland, Hungary and Romania in the east and south to Spain and the Balearic Islands , Italy and Greece to Denmark in the north. In Germany, the species is found scattered to locally. Exceptions are the state of Saxony and the high altitudes in southern Germany, where the species is rarely found.
- German Josef Krieglsteiner , Andreas Gminder (Hrsg.): Die Großpilze Baden-Württemberg . Volume 5: Mushrooms. Agarics III. Ulmer, Stuttgart 2010, ISBN 978-3-8001-3572-1 .
- Matthias Lüderitz, Andreas Gminder: Types of responsibility for large mushrooms in Germany . In: Supplement to the journal for mycology . tape 13 , p. 71-80 .