A spinning coaster ( engl. "To spin" = turn ) is a roller coaster , the carriage horizontally rotate in on a vertical axis. The rotation can be controlled or uncontrolled. With the controlled rotation, a program controls the rotation of the car on certain route sections, for example at the Euro-Mir in Europa-Park in Rust.
With uncontrolled or free rotation, the carriages begin to rotate freely from a certain section of the route, whereby the rotation is only influenced by the centrifugal force or the weight shift until the carriages are locked again at another section of the route, i.e. brought into a fixed position. An example of this are Winja's Fear & Winja's Force in Phantasialand in Brühl or various wild mouse roller coasters. To avoid excessive rotation, most roller coasters use centrifugal brakes of this type .
Another variant of the Spinning Coaster is the 4th Dimension Coaster , which is similar in structure to a Flying Coaster , whereby the seats can be rotated themselves, but not as with the conventional Spinning Coaster, but vertically on a horizontal axis.
A forerunner of the spinning coaster were the ticklers developed by William F. Mangels in 1906 . The round wagons, reminiscent of buckets, did not go on rails, but held by guides on the side on an inclined plane in a zigzag course down to the station.
The first roller coasters that fell under the spinning coaster category were the wooden Virginia Reel invented by Henry Elmer Riehl in 1907 . The name is based on a folk dance and the name Riehl's daughter. Up to 6 passengers were seated in a round, wooden, bucket-like car with their faces turned inwards. The routes had no big drops and hills, but meandered gently down into the valley, but, similar to the mouse curves at Wilde Maus roller coasters, very zigzag and winding so that the cars turned as often as possible. The last Virginia Reel operated at Blackpool Pleasure Beach until 1982 .
While the Virginia Reels only used single wagons, the Dip-Lo-Docus trains by John A. Miller and Harry C. Baker had wagons made up of two individual wagons and the seats were arranged in the shape of a clover for three by two people. The route was also based more on that of other roller coasters, so larger radii and more hills were driven over.
In the course of time, various manufacturers have implemented the concept, some with their own ideas such as Gerstlauer Amusement Rides , where the riders sit opposite each other. However, railways and technology, for example by Maurer Söhne, were more or less copied.
At Reverchon and Fabbri, the passengers sit in a row next to each other, while at Mack and Maurer-Bahnen two drivers sit back-to-back.
List of known deliveries
|Cagliostro||Rainbow MagicLand||Italy||May 26, 2011|
|Crush's Coaster||Disneyland Paris - Walt Disney Studios Park||France||May 16, 2007|
|Dragon's Fury||Chessington World of Adventures||United Kingdom||April 27, 2004|
|Dwervelwind||Toverland||Netherlands||29th September 2012|
|Exterminator||Kennywood||United States||April 18, 1999|
|Hellbolt - The Coaster||Klaus Renoldi junior||Germany , traveling||1992/2007|
|Sierra Sidewinder||Knott's Berry Farm||United States||May 26, 2007|
|Sky Spin||Skyline Park||Germany||July 6, 2013|
|Spinball Whizzer||Alton Towers||United Kingdom||March 27, 2004|
|Tarantula||Parque de Atracciones de Madrid||Spain||May 14, 2005|
|Time Traveler||Silver Dollar City||United States||March 14, 2018|
|tornado||Dyrehavsbakken||Denmark||April 9, 2009|
|Winja's Fear & Winja's Force||Phantasialand||Germany||March 30, 2002|
- ^ A b David W. Francis, Diane DeMali Francis: The Golden Age of Roller Coasters in Vintage Postcards Arcadia Publishing, Charleston, South Carolina, 2003, ISBN 978-0-7385-2338-5
- ↑ Data on the Virginia Reel in Blackpool in the RCDB. Retrieved April 14, 2013 .
- ^ Robert Cartmell: The Incredible Scream Machine: A History of the Roller Coaster Bowling Green State University Popular Press, 1987, ISBN 0-87972-341-6 .