Sports badge is the generic term for badges of honor that are awarded by organizations and sports associations after certain achievements have been made at the level of popular sports . They usually consist of a wearable badge or a smaller lapel pin ; each combined with a confirmed written certificate .
National sports badges that include various sports can be recognized as state badges of honor.
Types of sports badges
A basic distinction must be made between sports badges with the function of:
- Documentation of versatile performance in several different sports
- Documentation of performance in a specific sport (e.g. running badges or snorkel diving badges )
A current feature of sports badges is the possibility that as large a number of people as possible can complete them. Therefore, the benefits to be provided for the acquisition are often graded according to age, gender and performance class.
Badges of achievement for certain groups of people or professions can also contain a high proportion of sporting requirements. However, these requirements may only be completed by a limited group of people - such as in fire brigade , military and police sports . In addition, specific activities and specialist knowledge may be checked. Therefore, the German Fire Brigade Fitness Badge (DFFA) or the European Police Achievement Badge (EPLA) are only sports badges in a broader sense.
Sports badges with different disciplines
The first national sports badge is the Idrottsmärke from Sweden , which was created in 1907. The German Sports Badge is awarded by the German Olympic Sports Confederation and has been recognized as a decoration of the Federal Republic of Germany since 1958 .
There are national sports badges for which performance in several different disciplines has to be achieved. B. also in:
- Denmark: Idrætsmærket ; since 1921
- Germany: German sports badge ; 1912, awarded since 1913
- Norway: Idrettsmerket ; 1915
- Austria: Austrian sports and gymnastics badge (ÖSTA) ; 1920, awarded since 1921
- Sweden: Idrottsmärke ; 1907
Awards and badges of honor for achievements in popular sport that are comparable to sports badges, but are not designated as such, are available for B. in:
- Luxembourg: Brevet Sportif National ; since 1980
- Netherlands: Vaardigheidsmedaille van de Nederlandse Sport Federatie ; since 1959 and forerunner since 1914
- USA: Presidential Champion Award ; 1956-2018
The European Athletics Diploma from 1963 is an example of a cross-national sports badge.
Sports badge for a specific sport
For an overview of sports badges in individual sports:
Sports badge in gold of the DRA
- The Little Man's Olympics . In: Frankfurter Neue Presse . June 24, 2013. Archived from the original on August 22, 2017. Retrieved on August 22, 2017.
- Decree on the approval of the foundation and the award of medals and decorations and on recognition as decorations . July 4, 1958. Retrieved May 12, 2020.
- Idrætsmærket ( dk ) In: Den Store Danske . Retrieved August 22, 2017.
- Norges idrettsforbund and olympiske and paralympiske comité: Idrettsmerket feirer 100 år ( no ) In: www.idrettsforbundet.no . norges idrettsforbund and olympic and paralympic committee. Retrieved September 27, 2015.
- Sports section of the Federal Ministry for National Defense and Sport: The history of the ÖSTA ( de ) In: www.oesta.at . 2013. Retrieved August 22, 2017.
- Le Ministère des sports: Brevets sportifs, distinctions sportives, protection emblèmes et insignes sportives ( fr ) In: sport.public.lu . Retrieved March 14, 2018.
- Stadtssportbund Braunschweig: Performance conditions German sports badge. Retrieved April 1, 2019 .
- Stefan Scholl: European Sport Policy: Approaches - Actors - Problem Areas . Ed .: Jürgen Mittag. Nomos Verlag, 2018, ISBN 3-8452-4370-8 , p. 148 .
- Committee of Ministers of the European Council, Resolution 63 (16) , 1963
- Baselbieter Turnverband: Baselbieter Sportabzeichen ( de ) In: www.bl-sportabzeichen.ch . 2018. Retrieved July 5, 2018.