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The rigging is a way of describing sailing vehicles through the arrangement of masts and their equipment with sails . This alone can be used to designate ship types , but these are often refined by combining rigging and other properties such as the description of the hull . Even in the area of ​​rigging, some boats or ships can be assigned to two groups, so the optimist is both spritz- and cat-rigged. Using certain words in this context sometimes creates new definitions in the sense of a technical language . So fully rigged means that a mast is equipped with square sails along its entire length.

Number of masts
possible sail types more detailed description Category in Wikipedia
Cat boat Brek Marshall.jpg Cat rigging 1 ≥ Schratsegel without headsail .
470 sailing.jpg Sloop 1 Schratsegel A mast with a mainsail and foresail . Most common type of rigging of modern leisure yachts. Category: sloop
Cutter rigging-2.png Cutter rigging 1 Schratsegel A mast with mainsail and possibly topsail as well as two or three headsails
Boat Sailing up Padma River Bangladesh.jpg Spray rigging 1 ≥ Spritsail
Etoile Molene.JPG Ketch 2 Schratsegel The front mast is higher than the rear mast, the rear mast is within the construction waterline Category: Ketch rigged ship
Galeas 2 Schratsegel another name for a ketch Category: Ketch rigged ship
Sailing Vessel Odyssey.jpg Yawl 2 Schratsegel front mast higher than rear mast. the rear mast is outside the construction waterline Category: Yawl
Half brig 2 Forage and square sails another name for a schooner brig Category: Brigantine
Brigantine Brigantine 2 Forage and square sails Square sail on foremast; a gaff sail on the rear main mast and a square sail above Category: Brigantine
Schoonerbrigg Schoonerbrigg 2 Forage and square sails On foremast with full square sail rigging; on the rear mainmast only sling sails Category: Brigantine
Eyeofthewind.jpg brig 2 Forage and square sails all masts are fully rigged Category: Brigg
Reaper in sail.jpg Lugger rigging 2 ≥ Lug sail front masts can be folded down, the small mizzen mast is set extremely far back.
Thor Heyerdahl Kiel2007 6.jpg More beautiful 2 ≥ Forged or square sail front mast smaller than or equal to the rear mast Category: schooner
ATENE in the fjord under sails.jpg Gaff saver 2 ≥ Schratsegel like schooner , but only stay or gaff sails Category: schooner
Snow-rig.jpg Schnau 2 ≥ Forage and square sails The gaff sail of the main mast does not have a tree, the gaff and the luff of the gaff sail is driven on a thinner spar, the Schnaumast , attached behind the mast . Category: Brigg
SMS Ayesha.jpg Topsail schooner 2 ≥ Forage and square sails Foremast with a Rahtop made of Bramrahen, possibly Marsrah Category: topsail schooner
Alexander von Humboldt ship all sails.jpg Barque 3 ≥ Forage and square sails Full square sail rigging on the front masts, gaff sails on the last mast Category: Bark
Mercator op zee.jpg Schoonerbark 3 ≥ Forage and square sails Fully rigged square sail on the front mast, the other masts carry stay or gaff sails Category: Schonerbark
Barquentines 3 ≥ Forage and square sails Another name for a schooner bark , formerly a schooner bark with an additional yard stop on the main mast Category: Schonerbark
Hermaphrodite barque 3 ≥ Forage and square sails Another name for a schooner bark Category: Schonerbark
Bar schooner 3 ≥ Forage and square sails Another name for a schooner bark Category: Schonerbark
Bundesarchiv DVM 10 Bild-23-63-20, sailing training ship "Niobe" .jpg Jackassbark 3 ≥ Forage and square sails front masts fully rigged, rear masts pitched sails, provided that there is an odd number of masts, middle masted pitched sail and square top Category: Schonerbark
Sailing ship Fridtjof Nansen 1.jpg Polka Bark 3 ≥ Forage and square sails Gaff sails on all three masts and square top on the two front masts Category: topsail schooner
Dar Młodzieży.jpg Full ship 3 ≥ Forage and square sails All masts are fully rigged, the aft mast also has a gaff sail (mizzen sail). Category: Full ship
Rig of Vinnen ship.jpg Vinnen schooner 5 Forage and square sails A special form of the top sail schooner from the shipping company FA Vinnen & Co. , Bremen, which combines a square and square sail in a special way. Five-mast gaff schooner, which also drove three square sails in the style of top sail schooners on the fore and middle mast. Category: topsail schooner

Note on the column number of masts: "≥" means "or more".

Individual evidence

  1. Joachim Schult: Segler-Lexikon . 13th updated edition. Delius Klasing, Bielefeld 2008, ISBN 978-3-7688-1041-8
  2. a b c d e f g Jens Kusk Jensen: Handbook of practical seamanship on traditional sailing ships . RKE-Verlag, Kiel 1989, ISBN 3-924381-15-1 , p. 119–128 (German reprint of the original edition from 1924).
  3. a b Otto Lueger: Brigantine. In: Lexicon of entire technology and its auxiliary sciences, Vol. 4. zeno.org, 1906, p. 299 , accessed on April 12, 2011 .
  4. a b c Friedrich Ludwig Middendorf: Masting and rigging of the ships . Horst Hamecher, Kassel 1977, ISBN 3-86195-561-X , p. 16 (reprint of the original from 1903).
  5. ^ Otto Lueger: Bark. In: Lexicon of all technology and its auxiliary sciences, Vol. 1. zeno.org, 1906, p. 548 , accessed on April 12, 2011 .
  6. Pictures of Carl Vinnen


  • Siegfried Fornaçon, Gerhard Salemke: Lommen and Buxer, popular ships in East and West Prussia (Das Logbuch, special edition). Ed .: Working Group Histor. Shipbuilding e. V., Brilon-Gudenhagen 1988.
  • Alfred Dudszus, Ernest Henriot, Friedrich Krumrey: The great book of ship types. Ships, boats, rafts under oars and sails. Historical ship and boat finds. Famous sailing ships . 3. unchang. Aufl., Transpress VEB Verlag for Transport, Berlin 1988 ISBN 3-344-00312-7 .
  • François-Edmond Pâris: Souvenirs de marine conservés, ou Collection de plans de navires de guerre et de commerce et de bateaux divers de tous les pays tracés par les constructeurs ou marins . Paris 1879.
  • Walter Ried: German sailing since 1470 . Lehmann, Munich 1974
  • CGE Crone: Dutch yachts, binnenschepen, visschersvaartuigen en daarmee related small zeeschepen, 1650-1900 . Schiepers, Schiedam 1978
  • Horst Menzel: Smakken, Kuffen, Galioten, three almost forgotten types of ships from the 18th and 19th centuries (German Maritime Museum, Bremerhaven: Writings of the German Maritime Museum, vol. 47).
  • Hans Szymanski: German sailing ships. The history of the wooden cargo sailors on the German Ost- u. North Sea coast, from the end of the 18th century to the present day (publications by the Institute for Oceanography at the University of Berlin, B., Historisch-Volkswirtschaftliche Reihe, no.10). Mittler, Berlin 1934.
  • Hanne Poulsen: Danske skibsportrætmalere . Archery Club 1985.
  • EW Petrejus: Oude zeilschepen en hun models: binnenschepen, yachts, en vissersschepen . Unieboek, Bussum 1971.
  • EW Petrejus: Scheeps models, inland Schepen . Van Dishoeck, Bussum 1964.
  • Bernhard Hagedorn: The development of the most important ship types up to the 19th century (publications by the Association for Hamburg History, Vol. 1). Graefe, Hamburg 1914. Freely accessible digitized version at Internet Archive
  • Karl Heinz Marquardt: Masting and rigging of ships of the 18th century . Hinstorff, Rostock 1986.

Web links