Theodor Panofka

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Theodor Panofka

Theodor Sigismund Panofka (born February 25, 1800 in Breslau , † June 20, 1858 in Berlin ) was a German archaeologist, historian and philologist.

life and work

Panofka studied philology at the Berlin University from 1819 to 1823. In Rome he belonged with Otto Magnus von Stackelberg , Eduard Gerhard and August Kestner in Rome to the circle of the Roman Hyperboreans . In 1826 he met the French diplomat and collector Pierre-Louis de Blacas d'Aulps , in whose service he was from then until the July Revolution as a consultant and private scholar, both in Naples and in Paris. Together they were among the founders of the “Instituto di corrispondenza archeologica”, later the German Archaeological Institute , in which Blacas was appointed first president and Panofka foreign secretary in Paris.

At the National Archaeological Museum in Naples , where he worked with Eduard Gerhard, Panofka dealt with the cataloging of antique vases . In 1836 he became an assistant at the Royal Museum in Berlin, and in 1844 professor of archeology at Berlin University . From 1856 he was the curator of the Royal Vase Collection in Berlin.

In 1836 he was accepted as a full member of the Prussian Academy of Sciences .

Theodor Panofka died in Berlin in 1858 at the age of 58 and was buried in the St. Matthew Cemetery in Schöneberg . The grave has not been preserved.

Fonts (selection)

  • Recherches sur les véritables noms des vases grecs et sur leurs differens usages, d'après les auteurs et les monumens anciens . Paris 1829.
  • Antiques du Cabinet du Comte de Pourtals-Gorgier . Paris 1834
  • Terracottas of the Royal Museum in Berlin . Berlin 1842
  • Images of ancient life . 1843
  • Asklepios and the Asklepiades , Treatises of the Berlin Acad., 1845.
  • The Greek proper names with Kalos in connection with the picture decorations on painted vessels . Berlin 1850
  • Friedrich von Raumer (Ed.): Antiquarian letters . Leipzig 1851


  • Karl Ludwig Urlichs:  Panofka, Theodor Sigismund . In: Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB). Volume 25, Duncker & Humblot, Leipzig 1887, pp. 125-128.
  • Reinhard Lullies (ed.): Archaeologist portraits . Portraits and short biographies of classical archaeologists in the German language . Zabern, Mainz 1988, pp. 25-26.
  • Suzanne L. Marchand : Down from Olympus: Archeology and Philhellenism in Germany, 1750-1970 , Princeton 1996, pp. 54-56
  • Panofka, Theodor , in: Encyclopedia of the History of Classical Archeology (1996) Vol. 2, p. 846.
  • Gloria Ferrari: Myth and Genre on Athenian Vases , Classical Antiquity, 22, 2003, pp. 37-54

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Cf. Karl Ludwig Urlichs: Panofka, Theodor Sigismund in: Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie Volume 25, 1887, pp. 125–128 ( online )
  2. ^ Hans-Jürgen Mende: Lexicon of Berlin tombs . Haude & Spener, Berlin 2006. p. 307.